"Why Nations Fight" by Richard Ned Lebow [Full Text]
According to Lebow, four generic motives have historically led to war: fear, interest, status, and revenge--and all of them are still likely to lead to future conflict.
"Equality and Tradition: Questions of Value in Moral and Political Theory" by Samuel Scheffler [Full Text]
This book is an important contribution to contemporary political philosophy, even though many of the essays have been published elsewhere. It is a bonus that it is also a pleasure to read.
"Globalizing Justice: The Ethics of Poverty and Power" by Richard W. Miller [Full Text]
In "Globalizing Justice," Miller argues that although we have a limited duty to respond to "neediness as such," the major source of our "vast, unmet global responsibility" to help the global poor is a duty not to take advantage of their deprivation when pursuing our own goals.