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Ethics & International Affairs, Volume 22.4 (Winter 2008)

Date: 12/30/08

Ethics & International Affairs, Volume 22.4 Ethics & International Affairs, Volume 22.4

This issue features an article on promoting democracy by Michael Walzer; Henry Farrell and Melissa Schwartzberg discuss norms, minorities, and collective choice online; Michael Goodhart writes about human rights and global democracy; and in a review essay, Elizabeth Cole discusses books on apology, forgiveness, and moral repair.

The journal also includes book reviews and a "Briefly Noted" section, which covers recent books in the field of international relations.        


On Promoting Democracy [Full Text] | 12/30/08
The first question that we have to ask about promoting democracy is the question of agency: Who are the promoters? Most recent arguments have focused on the state, but states are not the only or the most important agents of regime change. Author(s): Michael Walzer

Norms, Minorities, and Collective Choice Online [Full Text] | 12/30/08
Building on case studies of Wikipedia and the Daily Kos, this essay argues that different kinds of rules shape relations between members of the majority and of the minority in these communities in important and consequential ways. Author(s): Henry Farrell, Melissa Schwartzberg


Humanitarian Intervention and the Distribution of Sovereignty in International Law [Abstract] | 12/30/08
Legal debates about humanitarian intervention tend to assume that its legitimacy is irrelevant to its legality, while political theorists often assume the inverse. This paper defends an alternative account, which sees the legality and legitimacy of humanitarian intervention as intertwined. Author(s): Patrick Macklem

Human Rights and Global Democracy [Abstract] | 12/30/08
This essay argues that human rights are a necessary condition for global democracy. Human rights constrain power, enable meaningful political agency, and support and promote democratic regimes within states, all of which are fundamental elements in any scheme for global democracy. Author(s): Michael Goodhart

ONLINE EXCLUSIVE: On Goodhart's Global Democracy (A Critique) | 09/30/09
In this critique of Michael Goodhart's "Human Rights and Global Democracy," Eva Erman argues that Goodhart has reconceptualized democracy and therefore does not offer a better understanding of the relationship between human rights and global democracy. Author(s): Eva Erman

ONLINE EXCLUSIVE: Michael Goodhart Replies to Eva Erman | 10/15/09
Erman's reaction shows that she misses the main point at issue. She insists that democracy means "rule by the people"; I define it as a commitment to freedom and equality for everyone. This is a disagreement about the concept of democracy itself, not just about differing conceptions, and it illustrates how deeply engrained Westphalian thinking remains. Author(s): Michael Goodhart

Review Essay

Apology, Forgiveness, and Moral Repair [Full Text] | 12/30/08
These works provide a rich introduction to some of the processes needed in transitions from injustices to more humane relationships. They address different levels of moral repair—between individuals, between individuals and groups, and between political collectives. Author(s): Elizabeth A. Cole

Book Reviews

Theory of World Security [Full Text] | 12/30/08
Booth aims to illuminate a "New 20 Years' Crisis" that global society is now entering. His central thesis is that in order to respond, we need a critical theory of world security.

After Anarchy: Legitimacy and Power in the United Nations Security Council [Full Text] | 12/30/08
Hurd argues that perceptions of legitimacy undergird how states act, both vis-à-vis one another and in relation to international institutions; in other words, legitimacy creates international order.

International Justice in Rwanda and the Balkans: Virtual Trials and the Struggle for State Cooperation [Full Text] | 12/30/08
Peskin's analysis focuses on "virtual trials": the battles by ad hoc criminal tribunals to secure state cooperation in the enforcement of international law. Concentrating on this under-explored theme, this book is a major contribution to the literature on transitional justice.

Targeting Civilians in War, and Killing Civilians: Method, Madness and Morality in War [Full Text] | 12/30/08
Given the moral stigma and its supposed dubious effectiveness, why does the targeting of civilians occur? Both authors contribute to the still nascent mapping of violence against civilians during armed conflicts of the past and of the present, outlining the reasons that justify or enable such violence.

Briefly Noted

Briefly Noted [Full Text] | 12/30/08
This section contains a round-up of recent notable books in the field of international affairs.

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