Ethics & International Affairs, Volume 22.1 (Spring 2008)

Ethics & International Affairs, Volume 22.1 Ethics & International Affairs, Volume 22.1

This issue features a special report on the proposed U.S. missile defenses in Europe by Philip Coyle and Victoria Samson; Mathias Risse on the morality of immigration; Alison M.S. Watson on how children are ignored in peace negotiations; Richard B. Miller on justifications of the Iraq War; William Smith and James Brassett on perspectives on deliberation and global governance; and Whitley Kaufman on torture and the "distributive theory" of self-defense. 

It also includes book reviews and a new section, "Briefly Noted," which covers recent books in the field of international relations.        

Special Report (supported by a grant from the Alfred and Jane Ross Foundation)

Missile Defense Malfunction: Why the Proposed U.S. Missile Defenses in Europe Will Not Work [Full Text] | 04/23/08
The U.S. proposal to establish missile defense sites in Poland and the Czech Republic has exacerbated relations with Russia to a degree not seen since the Cold War, despite the fact that the system has no demonstrated capability to defend the U.S., let alone Europe. Author(s): Philip Coyle, Victoria Samson

ONLINE EXCLUSIVE, RESPONSE TO "MISSILE DEFENSE MALFUNCTION": Setting the Record Straight | 05/30/08
Lt. Gen. Obering: "Coyle and Samson systematically misrepresent or ignore key facts to bolster their arguments against deploying defenses in Europe to protect our allies and forces in that region against an emerging intermediate and long-range Iranian ballistic missile threat." Author(s): Lt. Gen. Henry A. Obering III

ONLINE EXCLUSIVE: On U.S. Plans to Deploy ABM Systems in Europe and Possible Compromise Solutions | 06/19/08
Petr Romashkin and Pavel Zolotarev argue that the current state of Russian-U.S. relations in the area of missile defense cannot be evaluated without taking a retrospective look at the problem. Author(s): Petr B. Romashkin, Pavel S. Zolotarev

Essays

On the Morality of Immigration [Full Text] | 04/23/08
This essay makes a plea for the relevance of moral considerations in debates about immigration. It offers a standpoint that demonstrates why one should think of immigration as a moral problem that must be considered in the context of global justice. Author(s): Mathias Risse

Can There Be a "Kindered" Peace? [Full Text] | 04/23/08
Arguably, children are among those most affected by contemporary models of conflict. Yet their plight is little discussed when it comes to agreeing on the minutiae of a peace proposal, despite the fact that children are widely recognized as significant to the sustainability of peace. Author(s): Alison M. S. Watson

Features (Peer-Reviewed)

Justifications of the Iraq War Examined [Full Text] | 04/23/08
This paper critically assesses three claims on behalf of the Iraq war made by the Bush administration and by various defenders of the war. Then it steps back from the specifics of these three rationales to ask whether they are in fact of the same sort. Author(s): Richard B. Miller

Deliberation and Global Governance: Liberal, Cosmopolitan, and Critical Perspectives [Abstract] | 04/23/08
This paper develops a critical analysis of deliberative approaches to global governance. After first defining global governance and with a minimalist conception of deliberation in mind, the paper outlines three paradigmatic approaches: liberal, cosmopolitan, and critical. Author(s): William Smith, James Brassett

Torture and the "Distributive Justice" Theory of Self-Defense: An Assessment [Abstract] | 04/23/08
The goal of this feature is to demonstrate that distributive justice is a flawed theory of self-defense and must be rejected, thus undercutting the argument that torture can be justified as self-defense. Author(s): Whitley Kaufman

ONLINE EXCLUSIVE: RESPONSE TO WHITLEY KAUFMAN: The Distributive Justice Theory of Self-Defense
Segev argues for a theory of distributive justice and considers its implications. This theory includes a principle of responsibility that was endorsed by others within an account of defensive force (self-defense and defense of others). Kaufman criticizes this account, which he refers to as the "distributive justice theory of self-defense" (DJ theory). In this paper, Segev responds to this criticism. Author(s): Re'em Segev

ONLINE EXCLUSIVE: Torture Can Be Self-Defense: A Critique of Whitley Kaufman | 03/30/11
In this online response, Uwe Steinhoff argues that Whitley Kaufman's denial that torturing the "ticking bomb terrorist" can be justifiable is incorrect. Author(s): Uwe Steinhoff

Book Reviews

"The Clash Within: Religion, Violence, and India's Future" [Full Text] | 04/23/08
Nussbaum argues that her contribution is as that of a loudspeaker, since she feels that Indian developments are wrongly ignored in the United States and Europe.

"Inventing Human Rights: A History" [Full Text] | 04/23/08
Lynn Hunt's "Inventing Human Rights" develops an intriguing meditation on the relationships among art, morality, and political change. Hunt also raises questions of profound importance to the contemporary human rights movement.

"Planet of Slums" [Full Text] | 04/23/08
The core of Mike Davis's book "Planet of Slums" is that the contemporary Third World urban poor are doubly cursed in ways that echo the two major upheavals of the nineteenth century: industrialization and imperialism.

"Development as a Human Right: Legal, Political, and Economic Dimensions" [Full Text] | 04/23/08
This book sets out to address the concepts of the right to development as well as the human rights-based approach to development. It includes contributions of economists, legal scholars, and philosophers presented at the 2003 Nobel Symposium on the Right to Development and Human Rights in Development.

Briefly Noted

Briefly Noted [Full Text] | 04/23/08
This section contains a round-up of recent notable books in the field of international affairs.

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