This issue features John W. Dietrich on PEPFAR; Robyn Eckersley on ecological intervention with exclusive online responses by Mathew Humphrey, Simon Dalby, Clare Palmer, and Mark Woods; Nancy Kokaz on poverty and global justice; Lisa Forman on access to medicines; and Alessandra Arcuri on the precautionary principle; plus a variety of book reviews.
The Politics of PEPFAR: The President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief [Full Text]
In his January 2003 State of the Union Address, President Bush called for the U.S to commit $15 billion over five years to address the international HIV/AIDS epidemic. For several reasons, the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) caught many people by surprise. The surprise quickly was followed by excitement, tempered by skepticism.
Feature and Online Symposium on Ecological Intervention
Ecological Intervention: Prospects and Limits [Full Text]
This essay seeks to extend the already controversial debate about humanitarian intervention by exploring the morality, legality, and legitimacy of ecological intervention and its corollary, ecological defense.
On Not Being Green about Ecological Intervention (Online Exclusive)
"I am sympathetic to Eckersley's assessment of the importance of these problems, but there are certain implications of her (albeit qualified) endorsement of ecological intervention that are worth exploring."
Ecological Intervention and Anthropocene Ethics (Online Exclusive)
Robyn Eckersley's elegant and eloquent argument concerning the limits of "ecological intervention" is constrained by the scope of what is included in her definition of environmental emergency, by what might be in need of protection, and also by what is conventionally understood by notions of intervention related to states and sovereign territory.
Ecological Intervention in Defense of Species (Online Exclusive)
Though there is much to engage with throughout the article, I shall only focus on one small part of it: the viability of military or legal intervention, in cases that are tentatively described as "crimes against nature." This is due to the difficulties posed by a non-anthropocentric and non-instrumental approach.
Some Worries about Ecological-Humanitarian Intervention and Ecological Defense (Online Exclusive)
Eckersley's arguments for pre-emptive ecological-humanitarian intervention and ecological defense are intriguing. However, the delicacy of these scenarios requires careful attention to the feasibility and overall benefits of the usage of military force in the prevention of crimes against nature.
Poverty and Global Justice [Abstract]
Poverty eradication has been identified as the largest challenge facing international society in its quest for a peaceful, prosperous, and just world. Kokaz responds to this challenge by proposing a global poverty eradication principle.
Trade Rules, Intellectual Property, and the Right to Health [Abstract]
In perpetuating and exacerbating restricted access to essential medicines, current trade-related intellectual property rules on medicines may violate core human rights to health and medicines. In this light, there should be serious questions about their necessity, and their justification should be critically assessed from the perspective of human rights standards.
Reconstructing Precaution, Deconstructing Misconceptions [Abstract]
This essay contributes to the debate on the precautionary principle in two ways: 1) it clarifies what is entailed by a mild formulation of the principle and 2) it identifies a number of misconceptions underlying some of its main criticisms.
The Parliament of Man (Paul Kennedy); Secretary or General? (Simon Chesterman, editor); The Best Intentions (James Traub) [Full Text]
With a new secretary-general now in charge and the memories of the bitter final years of his predecessor still vivid, a timely procession of books on the UN has been appearing to offer some fresh appraisals and insights into how things got this way and what, if anything, can be done.
Ethics in Action: The Ethical Challenges of International Human Rights Nongovernmental Organizations [Full Text]
Between 2002-2005, the UN University and the City University of Hong Kong organized a series of "dialogues" about the ethical challenges facing international nongovernmental organizations (INGOs). The result is this fascinating and timely volume, which addresses not only human rights narrowly construed, but also humanitarian aid and development.
Economic Justice in an Unfair World: Toward a Level Playing Field [Full Text]
"Economic Justice in an Unfair World" is a stimulating, well-researched book combining economic analysis, political philosophy, and contemporary policy, all focused on one key question: What does one mean by economic justice in a world cut through by inequalities of income, bargaining power, and human poverty?
Rationality and the Ideology of Disconnection [Full Text]
This passionate book is a powerful conceptual, empirical, and normative critique of Rational Choice theory by a former practitioner. Rational Choice, Taylor argues, is more than a simple style of analysis and approach to problem solving: it is a hegemonic orthodoxy that has subverted psyches, societies, and cultures.
Not a Suicide Pact: The Constitution in a Time of National Emergency [Full Text]
Sadly, discussions of the pricklier issues of law, terrorism, and security rarely follow a cool, pragmatic approach. Richard Posner provides just such a perspective on the relationship of the Constitution to the terrorist threat. Undaunted by controversy, he forthrightly addresses detention, harsh interrogation methods, limits of free speech, ethnic profiling, and the boundaries of privacy rights, among other hot-button topics.