This issue contains a symposium on world poverty and human rights, with Thomas Pogge, Mathias Reese, Alan Patten, Rowan Cruft, Norbert Anwander, and Debra Satz. It also contains articles by Seyla Benhabib and James Bohman, along with book reviews.
Symposium: World Poverty and Human Rights
World Poverty and Human Rights [Full Text]
Despite a high and growing global average income, billions of human beings are still condemned to lifelong severe poverty, with all its attendant evils of low life expectancy, social exclusion, ill health, illiteracy, dependency, and effective enslavement. This problem is solvable, despite its magnitude.
Do We Owe the Global Poor Assistance or Rectification? [Excerpt]
Risse asserts that the global order "can plausibly be credited with the considerable improvements in human well-being that have been achieved over the last 200 years. Much of what Pogge says about our duties toward developing countries is therefore false."
Should We Stop Thinking About Poverty in Terms of Helping the Poor? [Excerpt]
According to what Patten calls the "need-based" view, "we have a very strong and extensive set of duties to come to the assistance of the global poor: duties that are grounded in the neediness of the poor."
Human Rights and Positive Duties [Excerpt]
What kind of duties (positive or purely negative?) would we be subject to in a just global society where everyone fulfilled their duty and there was no significant risk of injustice? And what kind of duties (positive or purely negative?) do we face in a global society that falls short of the just society?
Contributing and Benefiting: Two Grounds for Duties to the Victims of Injustice [Excerpt]
Anwander questions "the role that Pogge assigns to benefiting from injustice in the determination of our duties toward the victims of injustice. . . challenging his claim that there is a negative duty not to benefit from injustice."
What Do We Owe the Global Poor? [Excerpt]
In this article, Satz critiques "both Pogge's use of the causal contribution principle as well as his attempt to derive all of our obligations to the global poor from the need to refrain from harming others."
Severe Poverty as a Violation of Negative Duties [Excerpt]
In this article, the last in the symposium on world poverty and human rights, Pogge replies to his critics Mathias Risse, Alan Patten, Rowan Cruft, Norbert Anwander, and Debra Satz.
On the Alleged Conflict Between Democracy and International Law [Full Text]
Benhabib examines one set of cosmopolitan norms determining a German Constitutional Court Case which denied long-term resident aliens voting privileges in local and district-wide elections, illuminating the “paradox of democratic legitimacy.”
The Democratic Minimum: Is Democracy a Means to Global Justice? [Abstract]
Bohman argues that "transnational democracy provides the basis for a solution to the problem of the “democratic circle”—that in order for democracy to promote justice, it must already be just—at the international level. Transnational democracy could be a means to global justice."
Torture: A Collection, Sanford Levinson, ed. [Full Text]
The anthology comprises specifically commissioned essays on topics ranging from examinations of the history of torture to contemporary legal and philosophical perspectives, as well as reprints of an article by Henry Shue, and one by Michael Walzer that have become minor classics.
Ethics and Weapons of Mass Destruction: Religious and Secular Perspectives, Sohail H. Hashmi and Steven P. Lee, eds. [Full Text]
Historically, the moral reasoning behind the reactions against chemical, biological, and nuclear weapons has not always been clearly articulated. This collection traces ethical arguments about WMD and war.
Green Giants? Environmental Policies of the United States and the European Union, Norman J. Vig and Michael G. Faure, eds. [Excerpt]
Understanding the ways in which the EU and the U.S. approach issues of global environmental importance can presumably help to predict and guide future environmental action; to that end, the authors attempt to explain the similarities and differences in the respective policies.
The Dubious Link: Civic Engagement and Democratization, Ariel C. Armony [Excerpt]
In the 1990s, the "neo-Tocquevilleans" argued that robust civil society was universally good for democracy. Ariel Armony challenges this theory and questions the value of international development aid constructed on neo-Tocquevillean foundations.
Ethnicity Without Groups, Rogers Brubaker [Excerpt]
This set of essays on various themes in the study of ethnicity and nationalism contains all the virtues of Brubaker's early work: theoretically informed analysis, a sure grasp of comparative European history, and a willingness to explore new fields of enquiry.
The War for Muslim Minds: Islam and the West, Gilles Kepel, trans. Pascale Ghazaleh [Excerpt]
Gilles Kepel writes a complex, nuanced, and illuminating analysis and description of the ideological currents and historical events that have created the present-day "war for Muslim minds," or, in the original French title, the "war at the heart of Islam."