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Ethics & International Affairs, Volume 18.2 (Fall 2004)

Ethics & International Affairs, Volume 18.2


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Humanitarian Aid and Intervention: The Challenges of Integration

Introduction to Humanitarian Aid and Intervention: The Challenges of Integration | 10/14/04
The idea of humanitarian assistance—delivering medicine, food, and other supplies to relieve suffering and save lives—appears to be a simple one. But there is a debate among humanitarian organizations, official donors, governments, and the UN about the operational approach.

Humanitarianism Sacrificed: Integration's False Promise [Full Text] | 09/24/04
In recent years there have been concerted efforts to ensure that the different components of the international response to crisis-affected countries are integrated in pursuit of a stated goal of comprehensive, durable, and just resolution of conflict. Author(s): Nicolas de Torrenté

Upholding Humanitarian Principles in an Effective Integrated Response [Full Text] | 09/24/04
The integration of political, military, and humanitarian action in responding to complex emergencies offers a compelling promise of resolving long-term problems and thereby providing peace and stability to an entire population. Author(s): Joel R. Charny

An Elusive Quest: Integration in the response to the Afghan Crisis [Full Text] | 09/24/04
In the UN humanitarian response in Afghanistan post–September 11 we see a dangerous level of contraction that compromises the application of its basic principles for the sake of pursuing nationbuilding activities in the service of political agendas. Author(s): Antonio Donini

Understanding Integration from Rwanda to Iraq [Full Text] | 09/24/04
In 1994, in the refugee camps of Goma, Zaire, there was widespread manipulation of aid resources by armed groups implicated in the genocide in Rwanda. This experience highlighted a wider concern that, rather than doing good, emergency aid can fuel violence. Author(s): Joanna Macrae

The Value of Integration: A U.S. Perspective [Full Text] | 09/24/04
The integration of humanitarian action into intervention operations, and particularly the inclusion of a military component, carries risks—but none so great as to be worth sacrificing integration on the altar of humanitarian purity. Author(s): Arthur E. Dewey

Improving the U.S. Government's Humanitarian Response [Full Text] | 09/24/04
The Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA) was created in 1964 to provide emergency nonfood humanitarian assistance in response to international crises and disasters, in order to save lives and alleviate human suffering and to reduce the economic impact of those disasters. Author(s): Anita Menghetti, Jeff Drumtra

Informing the Integration Debate with Recent Experience [Full Text] | 09/24/04
The overriding challenge faced by policy-makers in the post–Cold War era is not, as many would have us believe, the achievement of integration of humanitarian action into the prevailing politico-military context. It is rather the protection of its independence. Author(s): Larry Minear


International Financial Institutions and Financial Accountability [Full Text] | 09/21/04
This essay presents the idea of financial accountability, showing how easily reforms making IFIs (International Financial Institutions] financially accountable could be implemented. The market mechanism and its beneficial incentive system must finally be brought to IFIs. Author(s): Kunibert Raffer

Models of International Economic Justice [Abstract] | 10/21/04
Kapstein offers three models that seek to capture some of the normative concerns expressed by critics of economic globalization—communitarian, liberal internationalist, and cosmopolitan prioritarian. Author(s): Ethan B. Kapstein

Review Essay

The Ghosts of Totalitarianism [Excerpts] | 09/01/04
Tzvetan Todorov’s book, originally published in 2000 in French and now available in a superb translation, paused at the end of a violent century to attempt to assess how to remember it and what lessons we might learn.

Book Reviews

The Tragic Vision of Politics: Ethics, Interests and Orders [Full Text] | 09/28/04
In the short story that opens Lebow's sobering and provocative book, Richard Nixon has gone to hell. There, the devil, inspired by human innovation, has set up an Auschwitz-Birkenau-style concentration camp to torment mass murderers, including Nixon and Pope Pius XII. Author(s): Catherine Lu

Between Anarchy and Society: Trusteeship and the Obligations of Power [Full Text] | 09/28/04
Bain's short but insightful monograph contrasts the idea of trusteeship with liberty, both of individuals and of communities. This sets his work apart, for most other analyses of trusteeship consider it in terms of civilization and barbarism. Author(s): Anthony F. Lang, Jr.

Ethics and Foreign Intervention [Full Text] | 09/28/04
In their introduction, the editors ask: Is the frequent practice of humanitarian intervention in the 1990s the beginning of a long-term trend or a historical aberration? Perhaps these essays were written too close to 9/11 to have the perspective needed to answer this question. ADDITIONAL CONTENT


Glimmer of a New Leviathan: Total War in the Realism of Niebuhr, Morgenthau, and Waltz
, Campbell Craig

After Such Knowledge: Memory, History, and the Legacy of the Holocaust, Eva Hoffman

Peace Pact: The Lost World of the American Founding, David C. Hendrickson

Affirmative Action Around the World: An Empirical Study, Thomas Sowell

Mandarins of the Future: Modernization Theory in Cold War America, Nils Gilman

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