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Achieving Democracy [Abstract]
Fledgling democracies may improve their stability through constitutional amendments that bar future unconstitutional governments from borrowing in the country's name or conferring ownership rights to public property, thus reducing the rewards of coups d'état.
National Reconciliation, Transnational Justice, and the International Criminal Court [Abstract]
Universal jurisdiction and the existence of an International Criminal Court (ICC) under the Rome Statute provide a framework through which true reconciliation can be achieved simultaneously with truth and justice.
Peaceful Transition and Retrospective Justice: Some Reservations (Response to Juan Méndez) [Abstract]
Although retribution for past human rights violations has its place in post-conflict processes of transition and reconciliation, there are many present and foreseeable circumstances in which the case may be made for immunity, amnesty, or sheer forbearance.
U.S. Arms Control Policy in a Time Warp [Full Text]
U.S. nuclear weapons policy remains mired in Cold War paradigms; the major powers no longer entirely set the agenda in the global arms control process; and arms control must focus on environmental, medical and humanitarian consequences of weapons, not just national security.
Alive and Kicking: The Greatly Exaggerated Death Of Nuclear Deterrence (Response to Nina Tannenwald) [Full Text]
Because of the extreme military advantage that nuclear weapons grant their possessors, no nuclear weapons state can afford the relative loss of power that would come from disarming while another state did not.
The New Business Of War: Small Arms and the Proliferation of Conflict [Full Text]
If efforts to deal comprehensively with the supply and demand factors fueling the trade in small arms and light weapons are sustained and expanded over the next decade, rampant small arms proliferation can be contained.
The Moral Rationale for International Fiscal Law [Abstract]
A country's right to levy taxes is a fundamental aspect of its sovereignty. Without the power to tax, a government would be unable to redistribute resources among its citizens and provide public goods.
Measuring Human Rights [Abstract]
The language of human rights is increasingly used as a framework for policy dialogue. But, indicators must be developed that may hold the state accountable for its policies, guide and improve policy, and acknowledge both local contexts and the universality of rights. Possible?
Legitimizing the Use of Force in Kosovo [Full Text]
Kosovo captured the attention of policy makers, ethicists, journalists, peace and human rights activists, military analysts, and international relations scholars. Something new happened there. This review covers books by Noam Chomsky, Howard Clark, Michael Ignatieff, and others.
Way Out There In the Blue: Reagan, Star Wars
and the End of the Cold War, Frances Fitzgerald [Full Text] | 05/04/01
Fitzgerald analyzes Reagan and his Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI), attempting to answer the question of how the United States committed itself to a multibillion dollar missile defense program that was technically infeasible and threatened U.S.-Soviet relations.
RECENT LITERATURE ON SANCTIONS
Iraq Under Siege: The Deadly Impact of Sanctions and War, Anthony Arnove, ed.
"The Effect of Iraqi Sanctions: Statistical Pitfalls and Responsibility," Amatzia Baram, Middle East Journal 54 (Spring 2000), pp. 194-223.
United Nations Sanctions Management: A Case Study of the Iraq Sanctions Committee 1990-1994, Paul Conlon
Iraq and the War of Sanctions: Conventional Threats and Weapons of Mass Destruction, Anthony H. Cordesman
The Sanctions Decade: Assessing UN Strategies in the 1990s, David Cortright and George A. Lopez, eds.
The Sanctions Paradox: Economic Statecraft and International Relations, Daniel W. Drezner
Sanctioning Saddam: The Politics of Intervention in Iraq, Sarah Graham-Brown
Honey and Vinegar: Incentives, Sanctions, and Foreign Policy, Richard N. Haass and Meghan O'Sullivan, eds.
Economic Sanctions and American Diplomacy, Richard N. Haass, ed.
REVIEWED BY BARBARA CROSSETT
RECENT BOOKS ON ETHICS AND INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS
The Jewish Political Tradition, vol. 1, Authority, Michael Walzer, Menachem Lorberbaum, Noam J. Zohar, and Yair Lorberbaum, eds.
REVIEWED BY SAMUEL A. MOYN
The Guilt of Nations: Restitution and Negotiating Historical Injustices, Elazar Barkan
REVIEWED BY DONALD W. SHRIVER
The Bounds of Justice, Onora O'Neill
REVIEWED BY CHRISTIAN BARRY
Women and Human Development: The Capabilities Approach, Martha C. Nussbaum
REVIEWED BY WILLIAM FELICE
Health and Human Rights: A Reader, George J. Annas, Michael A. Grodin, Sofia Gruskin, and Jonathan M. Mann, eds.
REVIEWED BY POLLY VIZARD
Economic Imperatives and Ethical Values in Global Business: The South African Experience and International Codes Today, S. Prakash Sethi and Oliver F. Williams
Global Codes of Conduct: An Idea Whose Time Has Come, Oliver F. Williams, ed.
REVIEWED BY LEE E. PRESTON
Do No Harm: How Aid Can Support Peace -- or War, Mary B. Anderson
REVIEWED BY ANA GRIER CUTTER
For Humanity: Reflections of a War Crimes Investigator, Richard J. Goldstone
REVIEWED BY DOROTHY V. JONES
Fires of Hatred: Ethnic Cleansing in Twentieth-Century Europe, Norman M. Naimark
Humanity: A Moral History of the Twentieth Century, Jonathan Glover
REVIEWED BY PAIGE ARTHUR
Nature and Nationalism: Right-Wing Ecology and the Politics of Identity in Contemporary Germany, Jonathan Olsen
REVIEWED BY ERIC KATZ
Re-Envisioning Peacekeeping: The United Nations and the Mobilization of Ideology, François Debrix
REVIEWED BY ANTHONY F. LANG, JR.
Making Majorities: Constituting the Nation in Japan, Korea, China, Malaysia, Fiji, Turkey, and the United States, Dru C. Gladney, ed.
REVIEWED BY ANASTASIA KARAKASIDOU
Governmental Illegitimacy in International Law, Brad Roth
REVIEWED BY BRIAN OREND
A Life in the Twentieth Century: Innocent Beginnings, 1917-1950, Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr.
REVIEWED BY RALPH BUULTJENS
In the Shadow of the Bomb: Oppenheimer, Bethe, and the Moral Responsibility of the Scientist, S. S. Schweber
REVIEWED BY PRISCILLA McMILLAN
Thucydides' Theory of International Relations: A Lasting Possession, Lowell S. Gustafson, ed.
REVIEWED BY PETER J. AHRENSDORF