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Botching the Balkans: Germany's Recognition of Slovenia and Croatia [Abstract] 12/04/98
The Kohl government sought a policy on the Balkan crisis that would both appeal to the self-conscious pacifist-internationalist strain in German public opinion and avoid direct German and European responsibility for the largely unknown consequences of that policy.
Author(s): Carl Cavanagh Hodge

"Think Globally, Punish Locally": Nonstate Actors, Multinational Corporations and Human Rights Sanctions [Abstract] 12/04/98
This essay poses the question of whether grassroots organizations can provide an alternative center of authority to the state in inducing multinational corporations to incorporate human rights criteria in their investment and trade decisions.
Author(s): Kenneth A. Rodman

South Africa's Truth and Reconciliation Commission: Ethical and Theological Perspectives [Abstract] 12/04/98
This essay presents an overview of the TRC— its establishment, procedures, and operating principles — and examines the way in which the commission emphasizes forgiveness rather than retribution for past wrongs.
Author(s): Lyn S. Graybill

Humanitarian Intervention: An Overview of the Ethical Issues [Excerpt] 12/04/98
This essay analyzes the arguments justifying or opposing the notion of humanitarian intervention from realist and liberal perspectives and considers the difficulties of undertaking such interventions effectively and consistently.
Author(s): Michael J. Smith

Islam, Christianity, and Forcible Humanitarian Intervention [Abstract] 12/04/98
This essay compares Christian and Islamic teaching on the question of forcible humanitarian intervention and concludes that the traditions are sufficiently similar to enable agreement on how and when to intervene in a humanitarian crisis.
Author(s): Oliver P. Ramsbotham

Empathy, Respect, and Humanitarian Intervention [Abstract] 12/04/98
Sherman presents a slightly revised definition of empathy, in which empathy is the cognitive ability to place oneself in the world of another, imagining all of the realities, feelings, and circumstances of that person in the context of their world.
Author(s): Nancy Sherman

Postmodern Ethics and a Critical Response [Abstract] 12/04/98
International ethics scholars have argued that because postmodern, poststructural, and critical theorists view ethics as contextual, these approaches have little to offer to the consideration of ethics and international affairs.
Author(s): Neta C. Crawford

More Than Anyone Bargained For: Beyond the Welfare Contract [Abstract] 12/04/98
Rather than base social welfare policies on contractual bargaining, policies should focus on the duties the strong members of society have toward the weak: the poor should clearly receive more, and the rich pay more, than either group has bargained for.
Author(s): Robert E. Goodin

Toward a Moral System for World Society: A Reflection on Human Responsibilities [Abstract] 12/04/98
A group of statesmen known as the InterAction Council, in consultation with theologians and philosophers representing many cultures, has drafted a proposed Universal Declaration of Human Responsibilities.
Author(s): Mary Maxwell

The Land Ethic: A New Philosophy for International Relations [Abstract] 12/04/98
Barkdull examines the land ethic in the contexts of just war theory, economic liberalism, and international environmental law, offering a new outlook for the behavior of states in matters affecting ecosystems.
Author(s): John Barkdull, Paul G. Harris

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