The Ethics of Collective Security [Abstract]
Does multilateral action always succeed in creating a Pax Universalis? On the contrary, it may lead to war. With arguments from the U.S. perspective and examples from the Gulf War, Hendrickson sees both collective and unilateral action as neither good nor bad.
Sanctions as Punishment, Enforcement, and Prelude to Further Action [Abstract]
This article looks at some major goals that have been set for sanctions and evaluates how effective sanctions have been at reaching those goals. It also examines the costs of sanctions, i.e., the impact on civilians and on international support for sanctions.
Author(s): Patrick Clawson
Boycott, Crime, and Sin: Ethical and Talmudic Responses to Injustice Abroad [Abstract]
Zohar applies Talmudic views on communal sin to contemporary political discourse by posing the question "Are we our brothers' keepers?" The essay addresses international responsibility to protect victims of oppression worldwide.
Author(s): Noam J. Zohar
Is There an Islamic Ethic of Humanitarian Intervention? [Abstract]
In the aftermath of the Cold War, Hashmi proposes this as a long overdue moment for reassessing the UN chapter on intervention, reappraising the value of human rights and justice, and most important, including Islamic thought into the new system.
Author(s): Sohail H. Hashmi
Political Theory in the Age of Nationalism [Abstract]
Seth suggests that the transformation of the international system from a system of states to a system of nation-states has had profound consequences for international relations, consequences not fully grasped in international relations theory.
Author(s): Sanjay Seth
Ethics, Integration, and Disintegration: A Russian Perspective [Abstract]
Benevolenski and Kortunov discuss the array of moral, ethnic, and nationalistic questions emerging after the disintegration of the Soviet Union. They suggest that the cause for the collapse was not poor economic performance, but a moral bankruptcy the people could no longer endure.
Author(s): Vladimir Benevolenski, Andrei Kortunov
International Environmental Law After Rio: The Continuing Search for Equity [Abstract]
Springer focuses on the nature and challenges of "leadership" in contemporary environmental diplomacy since the 1992 Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Author(s): Allen L. Springer
Choices More Ethical Than Legal: The International Committee of the Red Cross and Human Rights [Abstract]
ICRC has coordinated relief for victims who are ignored by the world, in more places than all the UN agencies combined. When law is silent, as often during war time it is, human rights policies must be built on ethical choice.
Author(s): David P. Forsythe
Behind Clio's Mask: Philosophic History and Its Uses [Abstract]
Buultjens examines the utility of history as a paradigm on which to build a prognosis of the future.
Author(s): Ralph Buultjens
The Recovery of Liberalism: Moral Man and Immoral Society Sixty Years Later [Abstract]
In this analysis of Reinhold Niebuhr's 1932 classic Moral Man, Little reviews some of the book's fundamental conclusions. He observes that, when moral language is used in international politics without self-criticism, it diverts attention from the real motives of the statesmen who use it.
Author(s): David Little
An Innocent Abroad? John Dewey and International Politics [Abstract]
Using Dewey's critics' own arguments that purport to show Dewey intentionally, or naively, disregarded the role of power in the relations of communities, Westbrook brings examples to reinforce the contrary view.
Author(s): Robert B. Westbrook