China's Sprouts of Democracy [Abstract]
Why was it not until the mid-1980s that the intellectuals, the "democratic elite" of China, initiated a public dialogue about "inalienable" rights in the Western sense? The reason may lie in the impact of events in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe.
Author(s): Merle Goldman
Is Democracy an Ethical Standard? [Abstract]
Can history serve to uphold democracy as an ethical standard of governance? The author suggests that the basic and cross-temporal cornerstones of morality, the family and religion, serve as "intermediate" social structures in attaining the central virtues of a moral democracy.
Author(s): James Turner Johnson
Marxism and Morality: Reflections on the Revolutions of 1989 [Abstract]
Can the momentous events in Tianamen Square and the revolutionary changes in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe be seen as the inevitable triumph of one political ideology over another? Lukes contends that the Marxist morality failed because it didn't deliver on its promises.
Author(s): Steven Lukes
Monitoring Human Rights: Problems of Consistency [Abstract]
The author highlights the different ways in which countries measure standards of human rights and social justice within their borders and in other countries.
Author(s): Rhoda E. Howard
The Helsinki Accord: A Growth Industry [Abstract]
Korey focuses on the U.S. delegation to the Commission on Security and Cooperation (CSCE) in Europe and credits the success of the Helsinki Accord to U.S. adroit negotiation strategies, beginning with the Carter administration.
Author(s): William Korey