Ethics and Intervention [Abstract]
The moral complexity surrounding intervention is influenced by a broad spectrum of both ethical and practical assumptions and considerations.
Author(s): Michael J. Smith
Imposing a Standard: Covert Action and American Democracy [Abstract]
The author urges presidents to abstain from implementing covert operations, which often result in nothing more than domestic and international controversy. Such decisions are the domain of the legitimate agency designated for such purposes, the CIA.
Author(s): Gregory F. Treverton
Covert Intervention as a Moral Problem [Abstract]
December 2, 1989
Often manipulative and sometimes anonymous, covert operations raise critical morality concerns in a democratic society. Written in 1989 in light of scandals in the mid-1970s and 1980s such as the Iran-Contra affair, this article poses questions that still need to be addressed today. Free online until December 31, 2014.
Author(s): Charles R. Beitz
Public Policy, Secret Action [Abstract]
Exploitation of the executive exercise of covert operations has presented a dilemma, but Colby maintains that even in peacetime a "democratic society must have and respect some secrets."
Author(s): William E. Colby
The Ethics of Excess and Indian Intervention in South Asia [Abstract]
India has promoted its power through intervention in neighboring countries under the cloak of morality. The United States, Great Britain, and Russia have nonetheless tacitly endorsed India's role as the policing force in the region. Does this recognition justify India's actions toward its weaker and smaller neighbors?
Author(s): Ralph Buultjens
Closing the Fairness-Practice Gap [Abstract]
The author argues that all governments are morally obliged to support international institutions that advocate crosscultural and global public goods to advance the fairness principle.
Author(s): Robert O. Keohane
Moral Choice and the Iran-Iraq Conflict [Abstract]
In this analysis of the Iran-Iraq war, Sick asserts that two major naturally wealthy regional powers consciously chose to forego diplomatic means to resolve their disputes.
Author(s): Gary Sick
Fear and Prejudice in U.S.-Japan Relations [Abstract]
Dower observes mounting tension in U.S.-Japan relations. He identifies two factors as contributing to mutual fear: differences in capitalism on national and international levels, and stereotypical perceptions based on racial phobias.
Author(s): John W. Dower
Moral Minimums for Multinationals [Abstract]
Donaldson argues that major changes are necessary in the decision-making process as well as in the conduct of multinational corporations in order to exercise moral obligations and meet culture-specific needs of host countries.
Author(s): Thomas Donaldson
Inhibiting Reliance on Biological Weaponry: The Role and Relevance of International Law [Abstract]
The author concludes that the failure of major powers to comply with the rules they themselves set has encouraged emulation by the rest of the world.
Author(s): Richard A. Falk
Liberalism, Conservatism, and Americanism [Abstract]
Lipset concludes with an assessment of the current global movement toward classical liberalism: "We are all liberals-even the socialists and communists, " he asserts. . . [and] predicts a return to the state-centric world in the not-so-near future.
Author(s): Seymour Martin Lipset
The American Problem [Abstract]
The author urges the United States to "become the ally of its allies rather than their managing protector," as it has been historically, leaving Europe to take responsibility for its own security.
Author(s): David P. Calleo
Polarization and Legitimacy in Latin America [Abstract]
Sigmund examines aspects of democratic transformation in Latin America, emphasizing that these transitions occurred despite the absence of the accepted cultural and economic preconditions for democracy.
Author(s): Paul E. Sigmund
Ethics and Game Theory [Abstract]
Chamberlin insists on its validity (Game Theory) in contributing to our thinking about the place of ethics in international affairs and in clarifying both the dangers and potential areas of cooperation inherent in many international relationships.
Author(s): John R. Chamberlin
There's No Deterring the Catholic Bishops [Abstract]
This article uses two episcopal texts published by the National Conference of Catholic Bishops during the 1980s as a case study of the role of ethics in the foreign policy process.
Author(s): J. Bryan Hehir
The Carnegie Poll on Values in American Foreign Policy [Abstract]
In a brief summary of a poll conducted by the Carnegie Council, Myers outlines the American public's views on issues ranging from foreign policy/peace issues to economic security, defense, and human rights.
Author(s): Robert J. Myers
The Literature of Decline [Abstract]
This article compares reflections from four sources on the state of the American democracy in the international community: The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers: Economic Change and Military Conflict from 1500 to 2000 (Paul Kennedy); 1999: Victory Without War (Richard Nixon); and "Communism at Bay," The Economist; Long Cycles in World Politics (George Modelski).
Author(s): Kenneth W. Thompson