Karen Greenberg on Terrorism and "Rogue Justice" | 10/06/16 What attracts young people to terrorism? Targeted killings, indefinite detention, mass surveillance--have Americans allowed too much power to be vested in the presidency? How are different governments grappling with the tension between civil rights and security? Security expert Karen Greenberg discusses these difficult questions.
Kumi Naidoo on Human Rights and the Impact of Climate Change | 09/27/16 Kumi Naidoo's activism began at 15 years old, when he risked his life to protest against apartheid in his native South Africa. The former Greenpeace executive hasn't stopped since. Learn more about this inspiring man and find out why he considers climate change to be the most important human rights issue of our time.
The Pros, Cons, and Ethical Dilemmas of Artificial Intelligence | 09/26/16 From driverless cars to lethal autonomous weapons, artificial intelligence will soon confront societies with new and complex ethical challenges. What's more, by 2034, 47 percent of U.S. jobs, 69 percent of Chinese jobs, and 75 percent of Indian jobs could all be done by machines. How should societies cope and what role should global governance play?
Robert Kaplan on the Underlying Forces that Drive our "Post-Modern" World | 08/30/16 "To understand the events of the next 50 years, then, one must understand environmental scarcity, cultural and racial clash, geographic destiny, and the transformation of war." Robert Kaplan wrote these prescient words back in 1994. In this fascinating discussion, he analyses how his predictions are playing out and where we are headed.
Us and Them? Bridget Anderson on Migrants and Nation-States | 05/04/16 Underlying people's economic fears about migrants taking their jobs are much deeper anxieties about nationality, culture, and race, says Bridget Anderson, professor of migration and citizenship at Oxford. The nation-state is simply not working for a lot of humanity, and we need to come up with new ways of thinking about political communities.
New Paradigms for Refugee Camps and for Humanitarian Aid Itself | 04/22/16 Kilian Kleinschmidt describes how he, together with the refugees themselves, transformed the Zaatari refugee camp from what the media called a "hellhole of humanitarian aid" into a lively living space with shops and even fountains. Indeed, the entire aid paradigm needs to be transformed, says Kleinschmidt, and he offers innovative ways to do it.
Clip of the Month: Tools for Becoming Wise with Krista Tippett | 04/20/16 Award-winning broadcaster and author Krista Tippett discusses how to use "spiritual technologies"—backed up by neuroscience—that are available to all of us in our everyday lives. "We possess intelligence. We possess consciousness," says Tippett in this inspiring clip. "And we have this capacity as human beings to take this further step to become wise, which leavens intelligence and I think has an ability to advance evolution in the direction we want it to go."
A Conversation with Krista Tippett on Becoming Wise | 04/15/16 What does it mean to be human, and how do we want to live? "We possess intelligence. We possess consciousness. And we have this capacity as human beings to take this further step to become wise, which leavens intelligence and I think has an ability to advance evolution in the direction we want it to go."
Clip of the Month: "It's All About Corruption" with Sarah Chayes | 03/22/16 "Thieves of State" author Sarah Chayes and Al Jazeera America's Stephanie Sy discuss how corruption is actually a global security issue. The Arab Spring uprisings and the revolution in Ukraine were all about corruption, says Chayes. Unless it's rooted out, the world will become an increasingly dangerous place. And to do so, ethics matter more than ever.
A Conversation with Sarah Chayes on Corruption and Global Security | 03/04/16 Around the world from Afghanistan to Nigeria, systemic corruption is fueling instability, declares Sarah Chayes in this electrifying conversation. And the United States and other enablers are part of the problem. "If we don't prioritize corruption more—and that means here as well as there—the world is going to become an increasingly dangerous place."
Clip of the Month: U.S. Intervention? The Power of Ideas & Values with Ian Bremmer | 01/28/16 For the last eight years, Carnegie Council has had the good fortune to host Ian Bremmer, president of Eurasia Group, for a conversation of the Top Risks report. In this clip, Bremmer discusses the extent to which Americans should intervene in the Middle East. Does the United States have a responsibility to counter groups like ISIS, given the U.S. decision to invade Iraq in 2003? Or should the country focus on its domestic issues?
Top Risks and Ethical Decisions 2016 | 01/07/16 Eurasia Group's Ian Bremmer discusses the top political risks for 2016 and gives a stark warning for the year ahead. Touching on the Saudi-Iranian tensions, China's footprint, and the eroding trans-Atlantic alliance, Bremmer says, "This is very likely to be the most dangerous year of geopolitical risk we have experienced since we started this process."
Bearing Witness to War and Injustice: Ron Haviv, Photojournalist | 12/21/15 From the Balkan Wars to both invasions of Iraq to the current refugee crisis, photojournalist Ron Haviv has been at the center of many of the world's most dangerous conflicts over the last three decades. In this fascinating talk, Haviv walks us through some of his most striking photographs and discusses the complicated ethics of being a journalist in a war zone.
Beyond Silicon Valley: Elmira Bayrasli on Innovation in Unlikely Places | 11/11/15 Elmira Bayrasli, founder of "Foreign Policy Interrupted" and author of "Beyond Silicon Valley," is all about shattering stereotypes and bringing disregarded groups to the fore, from talented women who must be encouraged to "raise their hands" to the millions of successful entrepreneurs around the world that we never hear about.
Karenna Gore on Faith Communities and the Environment | 10/07/15 Karenna Gore, daughter of Al Gore and director of the Center for Earth Ethics, discusses how faith communities (including indigenous peoples) are rallying to combat climate change; what she sees as a shift in consciousness in how we define success; and much more.
The Social Network of Discourse and Discomfort | 06/19/15 Santa Clara University's blog on technology published an article reflecting on Ethan Zuckerman's words at an Ethics Matter event hosted by Carnegie Council. Zuckerman is the director of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Center for Civic Media.
A Conversation with Ashoka Founder Bill Drayton on Social Entrepreneurship | 06/17/15 For millennia, the world was organized around efficiency and repetition, says Bill Drayton, but now this system is being replaced by a world organized around the opposite principle: change. That has profound implications for every aspect of our lives, including ethics. This is the first generation when everyone must master cognitive empathy-based living.
A Conversation with Ethan Zuckerman on the Ethics of the Internet | 06/10/15 "We have the capacity to get stories from every part of the globe. The question is, what do we want to pay attention to? The crazy thing that has happened over 20 years of the consumer Internet is that we have told the market that we care about people who look like us, act like us, feel like us, and we don't much care about anybody else."
Ethics in U.S. Foreign Policy: Spymaster Jack Devine on the CIA | 05/29/15 "The thing that attracted me to the Agency was a sense of mission," says 32-year CIA veteran Jack Devine. In this discussion he talks candidly about Allende's fall, Iraq, Iran, Edward Snowden, torture, drones, and more. And when asked if he were young would he join today's post-9/11 CIA, he replies without hesitation: "You betcha!"
Defending our Borders vs. Defending our Liberties: ACLU's Anthony D. Romero | 04/29/15 From the NSA and the kill list, to the failure to close Guantanamo and prosecute those who committed torture, Obama's national security policies are not substantively different from those of George W. Bush, laments Romero. He also discusses 9/11, the history of the ACLU, and the troubling privatization of U.S. prisons.
A Conversation with Leon Botstein, President of Bard College and Champion of Liberal Arts Education | 02/09/15 In this wide-ranging and entertaining conversation, Leon Botstein discusses Bard's innovative programs to serve the underserved, which include Bard high schools, prison education programs, and international operations; the marginalization of the humanities; and his refreshing and inclusive approach to classical music.
Top Risks and Ethical Decisions 2015 | 01/15/15 "The world in 2015 looks a lot more dangerous, a lot more vulnerable," says global political risk specialist Ian Bremmer in his annual forecast. He notes that while the United States and China, the world's largest and second-largest economies, are doing better economically, the global environment is geopolitically much worse.
Unaccountable: Janine Wedel on how Elite Power Brokers have Corrupted the U.S. System | 01/07/15 Anthropologist Janine Wedel exposes America's "new corruption"--the unprecedented ways that many politicians, retired generals, academics, bankers, and physicians exploit their prestige and insider knowledge.
Money and American Politics: A Conversation with Lawrence Lessig | 12/22/14 On a crusade against the corrupting influence of money in politics, Lawrence Lessig founded a "super PAC" which raised $10 million to support candidates committed to radical reform of campaign financing. Most of them lost, but Lessig is not daunted. He fights on, convinced that the majority of Americans agree with him and that change will come.
A Conversation with David Keyes on Advancing Human Rights | 11/14/14 In the Soviet era, it was difficult to alert the world of what was happening to dissidents, says David Keyes. Today, however, there's an overload of information from YouTube and other sources and the challenge is how to overcome "human rights fatigue." He explains how crowd-sourcing and other means can get the word out.
A Conversation with Will Kymlicka on the Challenges of Multiculturalism | 11/11/14 From Canada to Europe, how do different societies deal with immigrant groups? How have their policies evolved and where are they headed? What rights should domestic animals have? Will Kymlicka ably shows that the world is going through a rights revolution, demolishing the old hierarchies and gradually becoming more and more inclusive.
A Conversation with Lieutenant-General Roméo A. Dallaire | 10/02/14 In this inspiring conversation, Dallaire talks about his faith in the principle of R2P--"one of the great innovations of our time"--and how to go about actually implementing it; the tragedy of Rwanda; and most of all, his work to prevent the use of child soldiers.
A Conversation with Law Professor and Columnist Rosa Brooks on Obama's Foreign Policy | 06/12/14 With an insider's perspective, Rosa Brooks candidly discusses U.S. foreign policy, from Kosovo to Afghanistan, Syria, and Ukraine, along with her views on Barack Obama and Hillary Clinton. Would Clinton have made a better president?
A Conversation with Ezekiel Emanuel on Health Care Reform | 05/30/14 A doctor, a former advisor to the Obama administration, and a professor at the University of Pennsylvania, Emanuel has spent a generation advocating on health care reform. In this lively and sometimes heated discussion, he clearly and succinctly explains "Obamacare," why it evolved as it did, and what it will mean for Americans going forward.
A Conversation with Douglas Rushkoff, Digital Media Expert, Graphic Novelist and Documentarian | 04/30/14 With the advent of new means of interaction from the TV remote to Twitter, the media became a two-way conversation, says Douglas Rushkoff. But who controls, shapes, and benefits most from these interactions--we the users, or big business?
Conviction, Conflict, Community: A Conversation with George Rupp | 04/07/14 The United States' problem is the presumption of individualism, which is deeply resented and resisted in most of the world, except in some parts of Western Europe. Until we get over that, we are not going to be able to engage with international issues, because we are unaware of how deeply unacceptable our default position is to all those other communities.
Ethics Matter: A Conversation with Sebastian Junger | 03/18/14 Journalist Sebastian Junger knows about war from the inside: the horror and pain, the excitement and heightened awareness, and the fierce brotherhood between soldiers. In this moving conversation he talks about his life and work, and ponders on what everyone owes their country, whether they choose to fight or stay home.
"War on Terror," an Insider's View: A Conversation with Harold H. Koh | 02/28/14 As legal adviser to the State Department from 2009 to 2013, Harold Koh was responsible for making judgments about the most difficult issues in the "war on terror": drone strikes, military tribunals, preventive detention. This fascinating and revealing conversation explores Koh's moral convictions and the inner workings of government.
Ethics Matter: Top Risks and Ethical Decisions 2014 with Ian Bremmer | 01/22/14 So what should we look out for in 2014? "The economic risks are receding. The geopolitical risks are becoming more important," says political risk guru Ian Bremmer. Don't miss this entertaining but fact-filled talk for insights on global affairs, from U.S. foreign policy, to the Middle East, Asia, Russia, Europe, and emerging markets.
Ethics Matter: The Future of War, with Andrew Exum | 12/19/13 Andrew Exum is a scholar, author, and former U.S. Army officer. In this revealing talk, he describes, in vivid detail, his days leading platoons in Iraq and Afghanistan; insights gained while working at the Pentagon; the successes and failures of America's counterinsurgency efforts; and the growing civilian-military divide, especially in the Northeast.
Ethics Matter: A Conversation with Online Activist Ricken Patel | 11/22/13 A brilliant student, Ricken Patel could have had a stellar career in any field he wished. Instead he chose to live among the poor in some of the world's most dangerous places, and ultimately founded Avaaz, a successful activist organization with more than 30 million members. Learn more about Patel and Avaaz in this remarkable interview.
Ethics Matter: A Conversation with Writer Kurt Andersen | 11/05/13 Journalist, novelist, entrepreneur, cultural critic, award-winning radio broadcaster--all of these describe Kurt Andersen. In this lively conversation, he talks about his career (including being fired by "New York" magazine for writing about Wall Street); the lasting effects of the 1960s; American politics today; Edward Snowden; and much more.
The Ethics of Hacking Back: Cybersecurity and Active Network Defense | 09/25/13 The Internet is "a global free fire zone," yet it is illegal for companies to hack back against cyber attacks--although rumor has it that many are doing so. How much of the responsibility to protect their assets should rest with the private sector and how much with the government? This expert panel explores these difficult legal and ethical questions.
Founder Of Stealthy Security Firm Endgame To Lawmakers: Let U.S. Companies "Hack Back" | 09/20/13 Chris Rouland hasn't spoken in public much since he created the secretive cybersecurity contractor Endgame five years ago, writes Andy Greenberg in "Forbes." But he broke his silence at a Carnegie Council event, to voice a request to lawmakers: Give government agencies and private firms more power to retaliate against those who hack them.
Cybersecurity Firm Founder Wants Companies to Be Able to "Hack Back" Against Hackers | 09/20/13 An article for "The Daily Caller" on cybersecurity cites remarks made by Endgame Systems founder Chris Rouland during a Carnegie Council panel discussion. “I do think eventually we need to enable corporations in this country to be able to fight back” against hackers, urged Rouland.
Ethics Matter: Jeremy Scahill on the World as a Battlefield | 06/13/13 In the name of the "war on terror," the U.S. is conducting covert warfare and targeted killings, and it dismisses the resulting deaths of innocent civilians as "collateral damage." What are the ethical and practical repercussions of these policies? Jeremy Scahill's blistering talk ranges from Iraq to Afghanistan, Yemen, and Somalia.
Ethics Matter: Zainab Salbi on Women, War, and Self-Empowerment | 04/09/13 In this fascinating conversation, Zainab Salbi discusses her personal journey from growing up in Saddam Hussein's Iraq to becoming a global champion of women's rights. She also focuses on the realities of women's lives across the Middle East and proposes constructive ways to change negatives to positives.
Ethics Matter: A Conversation on Bioethics with NASA's Paul Root Wolpe | 03/08/13 In this eye-opening conversation, renowned bioethicist Dr. Wolpe grapples with the ethical issues raised by advances in biotechnology and neuroscience, including "brain fingerprinting" and eventual mind-reading.
Ethics Matter: Top Risks and Ethical Decisions 2013 with Ian Bremmer | 01/18/13 "There are three big things happening right now in the world: China rising, Middle East exploding, Europe muddling through. Those are the things that truly matter, in the sense that they have potentially very different kinds of trajectories and outcomes depending on where they go."
Ethics Matter: Srdja Popovic on Creating Successful Nonviolent Movements | 12/11/12 Successful nonviolent movements need three things: the cool factor, memorable branding, and humor, says Popovic. He cofounded the Serbian youth movement Otpor!, which played a major role in toppling Milosevic, and his work training activists in Egypt and Tunisia is widely credited for inspiring Arab Spring protesters.
Ethics Matter: Dan Ariely on the Hidden Forces that Shape our Decisions | 11/20/12 Why do smart people cheat? Why do we eat more than we should or text while driving? In this funny and insightful talk, behavioral economist Dan Ariely explores the hidden factors that shape our most puzzling decisions and shows how emotions, peer pressure, and sheer irrationalism dictate our behavior.
Ethics Matter: Environmentalist Bill McKibben on Climate Change | 10/15/12 It's wrong to say Americans are addicted to fossil fuel. The addicts are oil and gas company executives, who won't give up their profits. Until we put a price on carbon that reflects the damage it does in the atmosphere, we’ll continue to have this catastrophic market failure and moral failure.
Is the World Becoming More Peaceful? | 10/05/12 In this vigorous discussion, two leading thinkers in global affairs--Harvard professor Steven Pinker and "Atlantic" correspondent Robert D. Kaplan--take on the subject of world peace, a core interest of Carnegie Council.
Ethics Matter: Dambisa Moyo on How Aid to Africa is Harmful | 09/24/12 Aid has failed to create economic growth, says Moyo, and allows governments to evade their responsibilities. So when people say that aid provides essential services, they're missing the point. Except when disaster strikes, governments should be responsible for their citizens, not the international community.
Ethics Matter: Dov Seidman, a Moral Philosopher in a Suit | 05/08/12 Leadership is going from being command-and-control to connect-and-collaborate; from inspecting for trust to giving it away; and from discussing success towards significance: "If we make a difference for our consumers, our people, and the world, success will find us."
Ethics Matter: Mary Ellen Iskenderian, CEO of Women's World Banking | 03/21/12 CEO of Women's World Banking Iskenderian explains why investing in women makes so much sense. She also tackles the recent critiques of microfinance and discusses how it is evolving.
Ethics Matter: Policymaker and Scholar Anne-Marie Slaughter | 03/02/12 Anne-Marie Slaughter on the responsibility to protect: "I believe in a values-based foreign policy and looking to cooperate as often as I can. I also think that's basic self-interest. We don't do well when we go in without the support of other nations."
Ethics Matter: Philosopher Thomas Pogge, Crusader for Global Justice | 02/07/12 In this fascinating conversation, Thomas Pogge explains how growing up in post-war Germany awakened him to injustice. He lays out his plan for reforming the pharmaceutical industry, and much more.
Top Risks and Ethical Decisions 2012 with Ian Bremmer | 01/25/12 What are the biggest political risks in 2012, and the associated ethical decisions? Political risk guru Ian Bremmer discusses his annual list, and his conclusions may surprise you.
Ethics Matter: Economist and Development Expert Jeffrey Sachs | 12/09/11 Jeffrey Sachs discusses America's economic and moral crisis; development aid; the Occupy Wall Street movement; and the mobilization of youth around the world, fighting for the basic principles of freedom, justice, and equality.
Ethics Matter: Microfinance Pioneer Susan Davis | 12/06/11 Microfinance started as a movement for social justice and women's equality and gave birth to an industry, says Davis. This gave rise to scale, efficiency, and large numbers of people being served--over 150 million of the world's poorest households.
Ethics Matter: Political Scientist Joseph S. Nye, Jr. | 12/06/11 Joseph Nye discusses the sources of his ideas, his major concepts such as soft power, the impact of these concepts, and his thoughts on the information revolution.
Ethics Matter: Conversation with Moral Philosopher Peter Singer | 10/25/11 Utilitarian philosopher Peter Singer lives up to his beliefs, giving away 25-30 percent of his income to alleviate absolute poverty, and defending animal rights--or as he puts it, "extending equality beyond the species boundary." Here are his thoughts on these topics and more.
Ethics Matter: Economist and Foreign Aid Specialist William Easterly | 10/03/11 The best system for discovering new approaches is not to have one planner at the top trying to decide what are going to be the successful innovations, says Bill Easterly. It's to have lots and lots of people at the bottom experimenting and finding their own innovations.
Ethics Matter: Political Scientist and Economist Francis Fukuyama | 05/13/11 How does Francis Fukuyama view state formation, normative issues, and human behavior? Does he believe (as Andrew Carnegie did) that history moves in an upward direction and we can eventually put an end to war? This fascinating interview explores these questions and more.
Ethics Matter: Chris Brown, LSE Professor of International Relations | 01/19/11 Chris Brown reveals the roots of his current thinking, and discusses his views on Marxism, human rights, humanitarian intervention, direct versus representational democracy, and cosmopolitanism versus communitarianism.