Global Policy Innovations

"Tokyo Vice" and Japanese Morality: Devin Stewart Interviews Jake Adelstein | 09/10/10 Jake Adelstein, Devin T. Stewart Three years in a Zen temple taught Jake Adelstein the core virtues of Japanese society, such as reciprocity, and the police beat at Tokyo newspaper "Yomiuri Shimbun" showed him its vices--the far-reaching powers of the "Yakuza," Japan's organized criminal underworld.

China's State Capitalism Poses Ethical Challenges | 08/12/10 Ian Bremmer, Devin T. Stewart In China, robust growth is a good thing, as long as it doesn't undermine the leadership's monopoly hold on political power. The Chinese leadership will respect labor rights when necessary and ignore them when possible.

Declaration of Support for an Efficient Renewable Energy Future | 07/21/10 Ten prominent clean energy analysts, researchers, and engineers voice their support for eliminating 80 percent of fossil fuel use in the next 20 years.

Top Risks and the Ethical Decisions for 2010 | 06/16/10 Ian Bremmer, Georg Kell, Art Kleiner, Thomas Stewart, Michele Wucker, Devin T. Stewart What's next? Using Eurasia Group's Top Risks as a starting point for identifying the major global challenges in 2010, the panelists identify what they see on the horizon and discuss the ethical issues involved.

Obama Did Not "Take Down" Hatoyama | 06/11/10 Devin T. Stewart Carnegie Council Senior Fellow Devin Stewart explains why Obama should not be blamed for the recent resignation of Japanese prime minister, Yukio Hatoyama.

Green Bonds: Devin Stewart Interviews Christopher Flensborg | 06/10/10 Christopher Flensborg, Devin T. Stewart Banker Chris Flensborg is one of the pioneers who developed green bonds. Issued by the World Bank, these bonds give institutional investors the opportunity to earmark their investments into climate-friendly projects.

Green Bonds: Devin Stewart Interviews Christopher Flensborg | 06/08/10 Christopher Flensborg, Devin T. Stewart Banker Christopher Flensborg is one of the pioneers who developed green bonds. Issued by the World Bank, these bonds give institutional investors the opportunity to earmark their investments into climate-friendly projects. 

Is There a "China Model"? Devin Stewart Interviews Leo Horn-Phathanothai | 06/04/10 Leo Horn-Phathanothai, Devin T. Stewart China has no alternative economic model, says Horn. Its keystone is pragmatism and ad hoc experimentation, combined with the clever exploitation of luck and the fostering of innovation from the ground up. He also discusses China's role in Africa.

Is there a "China Model"? Devin Stewart Interviews Leo Horn-Phathanothai | 06/02/10 Leo Horn-Phathanothai, Devin T. Stewart China has no alternative economic model, says Horn. Its keystone is pragmatism and ad hoc experimentation, combined with the clever exploitation of luck and the fostering of innovation from the ground up. He also discusses China's role in Africa.

"The End of the Free Market:" Devin Stewart Interviews Ian Bremmer | 05/26/10 Ian Bremmer, Devin T. Stewart In a discussion about his latest book, Ian Bremmer analyzes the troubled relationship between the U.S. and China, and the rise of what he calls "state capitalism"--where the state is the principal actor and there is an absence of the rule of law. 

Book Review: "The End of the Free Market" by Ian Bremmer | 05/13/10 Devin T. Stewart State capitalism differs from free-market capitalism in that politics rather than profit is the main driver of decision-making. For this reason, it threatens to curtail free markets and the global economy.

Devin Stewart Interviews Unmesh Brahme, Cofounder of the Climate Civics Institute | 05/11/10 Unmesh Brahme, Devin T. Stewart Unmesh Brahme of HSBC India discusses his newly-launched Climate Civics Institute, which grew out of a Yale World Fellowship. The Institute's mission is to create climate adaptation communities worldwide, so that their experiences can lead to policy innovations.

China in the 21st Century: Devin Stewart Interviews Jeffrey Wasserstrom | 05/07/10 Jeffrey N. Wasserstrom, Devin T. Stewart In this lively discussion, topics include China's diversity, its "net nanny" approach to the internet, and why China and the U.S. are more alike than we may think.

Devin Stewart Interviews Angolan Activist Rafael Marques | 04/15/10 Rafael Marques, Devin T. Stewart With examples ranging from mobile phones to diamonds, Marques tells of his brave fight to expose the rampant corruption that afflicts Angolan society from top to bottom. The only way to bring about change, he says, is if his fellow Angolans take responsibility for their country.

Obama's Internet Initiative and Social Reform in the U.S. and Japan | 03/26/10 Joshua S. Fouts, Devin T. Stewart In this Japan Society event, a panel of experts explore the evolving role of information and communication technologies in reforming politics, business, and society in the United States and Japan.

Rise of the Rest III: Climate Change, Energy, and Global Governance after the Financial Crisis | 03/17/10 Craig Charney, Nikolas K. Gvosdev, Parag Khanna, Stephen B. Young, David C. Speedie, Devin T. Stewart This panel focuses on global governance since the financial crisis, in particular on climate change, energy security, and issues of consensus, common ethics, and trust. 

Is Japan Giving Up? | 03/12/10 Devin T. Stewart Just as the success of Toyota Motor was a symbol of Japan's confidence on the world stage in the 1980s, the automobile company's recent troubles are symptomatic of a nation withdrawing from the world, writes Devin Stewart.

A Question of Values: Google in China, Chinese Products, and Civil Society | 01/26/10 Alexandra Harney, Devin T. Stewart Harney (author of "The China Price") and Stewart discuss the human and environmental costs of China's cheap prices; Google in China; fake and dangerous Chinese products; U.S.-China relations; and the latest trends in Japan.

Top Risks and Ethical Decisions 2010 | 01/20/10 Ian Bremmer, Georg Kell, Art Kleiner, Thomas Stewart, Michele Wucker, Devin T. Stewart What's next? Using Eurasia Group's Top Risks as a starting point for identifying the major global challenges in 2010, the panelists identify what they see on the horizon and discuss the ethical issues involved.

Sustainable Branding: A U.S.-Japan Corporate Dialogue | 11/04/09 Ichiro Aoyagi, Max Cuellar, Scott Kaufman, Katsutoshi Konuma, Edward J. Lincoln, Michael Mendenhall, Takejiro Sueyoshi See the highlights from this panel discussion on sustainable branding, with participants from the U.S. and Japan. They address customer engagement, supply chain management, investor relations, and the impact of the economic crisis.

Reform of the International Monetary and Financial System | 09/30/09 Joseph E. Stiglitz, Bert Koenders, Jose Antonio Ocampo The spread of the financial crisis from a few developed countries to the entire global economy provides tangible evidence that the international trade and financial system needs to be profoundly reformed, says Nobel Laureate Joseph Stiglitz and Columbia economist Jose Antonio Ocampo.

U.S.-China Climate Change Leadership: Five Ideas for a Common Agenda | 09/29/09 The Carnegie Council (USA) and the China Reform Forum (PRC) propose five business-oriented steps their nations could take together to combat climate change while meeting energy needs.

Interview with Richard Kauffman, CEO, Good Energies | 09/14/09 Richard L. Kauffman, Julia Taylor Kennedy "There is really nothing quite as essential, both in the developed and the developing world, as energy. You literally cannot have economic development without energy."

Realism as Pragmatic Cooperation | 09/09/09 Joel H. Rosenthal Remedies to global challenges are less about romantic dreams to improve the world and more about pragmatism and sustainability. The pragmatic and ethical thing to do is to recognize that our interests are tied up with those of others in new and potentially creative ways.

Restoring Trust in the Global Financial System | 09/09/09 Thomas Donaldson, Neal Flieger, Stephen Jordan, Seamus McMahon, Christian Menegatti This Workshop for Ethics in Business panel analyzes the growing lack of trust in the financial system and how it threatens to keep the global economy in the doldrums. What are the ways to best restore that trust?

Interview with Julius Walls, Jr., CEO, Greyston Bakery | 09/03/09 Julius Walls, Jr., Julia Taylor Kennedy Greyston Bakery was started on the premise of bringing the unemployed into the workforce. In fact the company's motto is, "We don't hire people to bake brownies, we bake brownies to hire people."

Interview with Robert S. Harrison, CEO, Clinton Global Initiative | 08/25/09 Robert S. Harrison, Julia Taylor Kennedy "I hope that CGI is able to serve as the catalyst for action, the group that is essentially creating a market between companies and governments and NGOs to create the difference that moves the ball on each of these great global challenges."

Interview with Seth Merrin of Liquidnet Holdings | 08/18/09 Seth Merrin, Julia Taylor Kennedy Seth Merrin is the CEO and founder of Liquidnet, a successful investment firm which gives 1 percent of its pretax income to philanthropic initiatives. Here Merrin discusses Liquidnet's key role in a Youth Village for orphans in Rwanda, modeled on similar ones in Israel.

Interview with Michele Wucker | 08/11/09 Michele Wucker, Julia Taylor Kennedy "People should be able to pursue whatever helps them to fulfill their greatest potential, and that's what migration is about," says World Policy Institute's Michele Wucker.

Interview with Joseph Cahalan | 08/06/09 Joseph M. Cahalan, Julia Taylor Kennedy "The more Xerox found out about the value of inclusion--" says Joseph Cahalan of Xerox, "that good talent comes in all colors, genders, religions, and sexual orientation, that the company became stronger and stronger because of it--the more we consider diversity a competitive strategy."

Interview with Brian Trelstad | 07/29/09 Brian Trelstad, Julia Taylor Kennedy "Where we are fiercely critical of grants-based approaches is the design of services that ignore the end recipient," says Acumen Fund chief investment officer Brian Trelstad. In this interview he shares ideas on how to use entrepreneurs in the developing world to combat poverty.

Interview with Alice Korngold | 07/23/09 Alice Korngold, Julia Taylor Kennedy Consultant, author, and blogger Alice Korngold talks about her work connecting corporate executives with nonprofit boards, and the transformation that takes place, person after person, as executives come up with new ways to help.

Interview with Sarah Greenberg | 07/16/09 Sarah Greenberg, Devin T. Stewart, Julia Taylor Kennedy Sarah Greenberg discusses the social and environmental risks that companies sometimes take and how these can affect the bottom line. Tobacco is a prime example. In the long run, a product that kills its consumers is not as viable as one that is sustainable. Then Devin Stewart talks about the Council's work.

Forced to Labor: The Cost of Coercion | 07/15/09 Robert Moossy, Roger Plant, Maria Suarez, William C. Vocke Jr. The Carnegie Council and the International Labour Organization (ILO) present a unique look at modern slavery from the personal, policy, and enforcement perspectives, to shed light on an insidious practice that has become part of today's labor markets.

Interview with Hans Decker | 07/07/09 Hans W. Decker, Julia Taylor Kennedy "Money-making is the base for good business," says Columbia University's Hans Decker, "but we all intuitively know that there's more to it." Julia Kennedy talks to the former Siemens president about stakeholder value.

Interview with George Pohle | 06/30/09 George Pohle, Julia Taylor Kennedy "When companies go above and beyond with regard to the corporate responsibility that customers expect, they frequently can charge higher prices, get better market share, and better customer loyalty," says George Pohle, CEO of MediaBound.

Interview with Sujeesh Krishnan and Euan Murray | 06/23/09 Sujeesh Krishnan, Euan Murray, Julia Taylor Kennedy Julia Kennedy talks to Sujeesh Krishnan and Euan Murray of Carbon Trust about the journey to discover the biggest sources of emissions for businesses, and finds that sometimes the answers are not what you might expect.

Interview with Christine Bader | 06/19/09 Christine Bader, Julia Taylor Kennedy "Increasingly, human rights is the lens through which people view how business impacts them," says Christine Bader, formerly of BP and now Advisor to the UN Special Representative on business and human rights.

Green Jobs | 06/03/09 Heather Grady, Norine Kennedy, Jill Kubit, Peter Poschen, Michael Renner, Sean Sweeney, Devin T. Stewart A panel including Peter Poschen, International Labour Organization and Michael Renner, Worldwatch Institute, discusses the new report "Green Jobs: Towards Decent Work in a Sustainable, Low-Carbon World."

The Rise of the Rest II: How the Ascent of Russia and China Affects Global Business and Security | 05/20/09 Nikolas K. Gvosdev, Harry Harding, Flynt Leverett, David C. Speedie, Devin T. Stewart From economic growth to cultural exports, the global distribution of power is shifting from "the West" to the rest of the world. This panel addresses the effects of this emerging new reality, many of which are already underway.

Ethical Issues in U.S.-Asia Policy: Devin Stewart Interviews Chong-Pin Lin | 05/06/09 Chong-Pin Lin, Devin T. Stewart Dr. Lin discusses Taiwan's political situation; relations with China; climate change; the future of democracy in East Asia; what Obama's presidency may mean for the region; and the surprising "detente" between China and Japan.

Top Risks and Ethical Decisions 2009 | 04/29/09 Ian Bremmer, Art Kleiner, Michele Wucker, Thomas Stewart, Devin T. Stewart What dangers are lurking for 2009? Taking Eurasia Group's list of Top Risks as a starting point, this lively discussion examines the ethical aspects of these issues.

Devin Stewart Interviews Kazumasa Iwata | 04/24/09 Kazumasa Iwata, Devin T. Stewart Kazumasa Iwata, head of the Japanese Cabinet Office's Economic and Social Research Institute, discusses moving towards a low-carbon society, Japan's response to the financial crisis, and in terms of the U.S.-Japan relationship, the growing threat of trade protectionism.

Evan O'Neil Interviews Michael Rea and Scott Kaufman of Carbon Trust | 04/07/09 Michael Rea, Scott Kaufman, Evan O'Neil Evan O'Neil talks with the COO and the U.S. Project Manager of Carbon Trust, an independent company set up by the U.K. government that works with organisations to reduce carbon emissions and develop commercial low carbon technologies.

Sex Trafficking: Inside the Business of Modern Slavery | 01/21/09 Siddharth Kara, Devin T. Stewart "The exploitation of sex slaves for commercial sex generated profits of $35.7 billion in 2007," says Siddharth Kara. "This makes slavery second only to drug trafficking in terms of global illicit enterprises."

The Measure of America | 12/19/08 Sarah Burd-Sharps, Kristen Lewis, Devin T. Stewart Following the UNDP model, this report uses a Human Development Index that provides a single measure of well-being for all Americans. The disturbing results reveal huge disparities in the health, education, and living standards of different groups across the nation.

Devin Stewart Interviews Seth Kaplan on "Fixing Fragile States" | 12/16/08 Seth Kaplan, Devin T. Stewart Seth Kaplan looks at how weak states can promote and leverage "social cohesion" to help build development from the bottom up.

Health as a Human Right: Rights, Roles, and Responsibilities | 12/16/08 Christian Barry, Meg Boulware, Laura Herman, Maggie M. Kohn, Rohit Malpani, Lisa Oldring, Devin T. Stewart The international community has begun to consider the "highest attainable standard of health" as a fundamental component of the human rights agenda, alongside related issues of poverty and adequate access to water and sanitation.

Economic Gangsters: Corruption, Violence, and the Poverty of Nations | 11/17/08 Raymond Fisman, Devin T. Stewart From the scapegoating of "witches" in Africa, to the pitfalls of speed-dating, to the cultures that foster corruption, Raymond Fisman explores the economics and psychology behind the choices we make.

Business and Human Rights: Achievements and Prospects | 11/07/08 John Ruggie UN Special Representative John Ruggie presents his conceptual framework for business and human rights, and his plan to develop practical recommendations for all relevant stakeholders.

The Shape of the World to Come: Charting the Geopolitics of a New Century | 11/04/08 Laurent Cohen-Tanugi French intellectual Laurent Cohen-Tanugi argues that economic globalization exists in a complex dialectic with the traditional geopolitics that it has, ironically, helped to revive.

The Shape of the World to Come | 11/03/08 Laurent Cohen-Tanugi French intellectual Laurent Cohen-Tanugi argues that economic globalization exists in a complex dialectic with the traditional geopolitics that it has, ironically, helped to revive.

Can Web 2.0 Revolutionize Corporate Responsibility? | 10/30/08 James Farrar, Gerhard Pohl, Emily Polk, Devin T. Stewart, Andrew Zolli This lively panel examines the intersection of Web 2.0 technologies and the effort to hold corporations to account for both the harms and benefits they create.

Cyberethics: The Emerging Codes of Online Conduct | 07/31/08 Steven C. Clemons, Michael Getler, Rita J. King, Alex Koppelman, Devin T. Stewart A panel of old and new media experts explore the changing communications landscape as new media grows in different directions and becomes more and more influential.

"Hikikomori" and Japan's Role in the World | 07/02/08 Michael Zielenziger, Devin T. Stewart Michael Zielenziger discusses Japan's hikikomori, bright young people who opt to live as shut-ins because they don't fit in a society of high conformity and low entrepreneurship.

The Economic and Strategic Rise of China and India: Asian Realignments after the 1997 Financial Crisis | 06/20/08 David Denoon David Denoon argues that although China's rise has received much attention, much less has been given to the relative decline of the Pacific Rim states or the rapid rise of India's economic and strategic position.

The Future of the Automobile | 06/18/08 Larry Burns, Devin T. Stewart General Motors' Larry Burns envisions the future: Electric cars that will deliver today's freedoms at more reasonable prices, and without today's environmental, safety, and congestion problems.

When Principles Pay: Corporate Social Responsibility and the Bottom Line | 06/03/08 Geoffrey Heal, Devin T. Stewart Geoffrey Heal examines how social and environmental performance affects a corporation's profitability and how the stock market reacts to a firm's behavior in these areas.

Olympic Mettle: Business, Civil Society, and Politics During the Beijing Games | 05/29/08 Ian Buruma, Robert L. Corcoran, Thomas Crampton, Qi Qianjin, Minky Worden, Devin T. Stewart An expert panel discusses the ethics of engagement with China in the context of the Olympics. What lasting positive or negative effects, if any, will the games have on China?

New Media and Chinese Nationalism | 05/16/08 Thomas Crampton Journalist Thomas Crampton looks at how Chinese nationalism is being expressed in new digital media, including what he calls "user-generated propaganda" on YouTube and anti-foreigner sentiments in online video games.

Dealing Fairly with Developing Country Debt | 03/31/08 Barry Herman, Lydia Tomitova, Jonathan Shafter Barry Herman, Lydia Tomitova, and Jonathan Shafter of the joint Carnegie Council–New School Ethics and Debt Project present the new book, Dealing Fairly with Developing Country Debt.

Winners without Losers: Why Americans Should Care More about Global Economic Policy | 03/17/08 Edward J. Lincoln, Sam Natapoff, Devin T. Stewart Shining a spotlight on foreign trade policy as an agent for political change, Lincoln urges policymakers, the business community, and citizens to find a path to increased stability by forging stronger international economic ties.

Reverse Brain Drain for the Middle East | 02/12/08 Marcus Noland, Michele Wucker One strategy to improve the economies of the Middle East would be to reverse the brain drain, a development that contributed to the high tech sector in Taiwan and India. Marcus Noland and Michelle Wucker discuss whether public policies can contribute to this process.

The Resource Curse: A Clean Hands Trust for the People of Sudan (Part 4) | 02/01/08 Leif Wenar Wenar argues that a trust-and-tariff mechanism could be used against countries that insist on buying resources from the worst regimes. The revenues would go to repressed peoples such as the Sudanese.

The Resource Curse: Stopping the Flow of Stolen Resources (Part 3) | 02/01/08 Leif Wenar Calculations show that oil companies illicitly transport into the U.S. over 600 million barrels of oil each year. This is 12.7 percent of U.S. oil imports--more than one barrel in eight.

The Resource Curse: Might Makes the Right to Sell? (Part 2) | 02/01/08 Leif Wenar Customary practices left over from the era of absolute state sovereignty still give property rights to whoever can exert coercive control over a population. This might-makes-right rule contradicts the movement toward citizen ownership of natural resources.

The Resource Curse: Property Rights and the Resource Curse (Part 1) | 02/01/08 Leif Wenar Because of a major flaw in the international trade system, consumers in rich countries unknowingly buy stolen goods every day. The raw materials used to make these goods are taken from the poorest people in the world, by stealth and by force.

The Enclave Economy: Foreign Investment and Sustainable Development in Mexico's Silicon Valley | 12/20/07 Kevin Gallagher Kevin Gallagher finds that Mexico's post-NAFTA experience of foreign direct investment in its information technology sector, particularly in the Guadalajara region, did not result in the expected benefits.

Fighting Corruption: Perspectives from the World Bank | 12/19/07 Brian Levy Brian Levy discusses the dilemmas of addressing corruption in the context of development work, since the World Bank's primary mission is poverty reduction. New community-driven funding projects produce quality infrastructure and put developing countries more in the driver's seat.

Responsible Profit: Perspectives from Deutsche Asset Management | 12/17/07 Mark Fulton Bringing capital into play is the pragmatic and profitable response to climate change, says Mark Fulton of Deutsche Asset Management. Governments are creating a price for carbon, explicitly through emissions trading and implicitly through taxes, subsidies, and standards.

A Megacommunity at Work on Great Barrier Reef | 12/17/07 Christopher Kelly Christopher Kelly explains how business leaders launched the Great Barrier Reef Foundation to coordinate scientific research and protect the ecosystem. Gradually a megacommunity formed around the foundation, uniting government, industry, and civil society.

Responsible Profit: Crafting a Fair Climate Agreement | 12/17/07 Nikhil Chandavarkar Nikhil Chandavarkar of the UN says Developed countries focus on mitigation and absolute emissions levels, whereas developing countries cite their low per capita emissions and their need for adaptation, technology, and finance. Negotiators must reconcile these concerns to craft a fair successor agreement to the Kyoto Protocol.

Trade Imbalance: The Struggle to Weigh Human Rights Concerns in Trade Policymaking | 12/12/07 Susan Aaronson Is trade the best tool to achieve human rights objectives? Which human rights and for whom? Do trade agreements enhance or undermine the process? Susan Aaronson explores these questions and offers recommendations.

Branded! How the Certification Revolution is Transforming Global Corporations | 12/07/07 Michael E. Conroy Michael Conroy discusses how certification systems, market campaigns, and champions within corporations are driving a major shift in global corporate accountability on social and environmental issues.

Connected: 24 Hours in the Global Economy | 12/04/07 Daniel Altman Altman stayed awake for 24 hours tuned to the wire services to study the global economy. He discusses the growing clout of emerging economies, the business advantages and liabilities of China's looser ethical standards, and the dwindling national allegiances of global corporations.

Ethics Online @ The Ethical Blogger | 11/30/07 The Carnegie Council has teamed up with a group of partners to create the Ethical Blog Project. Its blog, The Ethical Blogger, clearly meets a need. Launched only five weeks ago, it is already reaching a wide audience and Google has named it a "blog of note."

Why Cooperate? The Incentive to Supply Global Public Goods | 11/29/07 Scott Barrett Deflecting asteroids, eradicating polio, coordinating international time, mitigating climate change--Scott Barrett explains the different incentives and actors needed to supply these global public goods, where everyone benefits and none can be excluded.

Cap and Trade vs. Carbon Tax | 11/19/07 Matthew Hennessey What's the difference between taxing carbon emissions and a market-based system of cap and trade, asks Matthew Hennessey of the Manhattan Institute for Policy Research? Which approach will more effectively reduce emissions? Which is fairer?

Responsible Profit: Climate Change and the Green Economy | 11/13/07 Matthew Taylor, Matt Prescott, Christopher Kelly, Nikhil Chandavarkar, Mark Fulton This rapporteur's summary from the third Workshop for Ethics in Business features discussion of the social aspiration gap, personal carbon trading, building megacommunities to solve collective problems, fair negotiating with developing countries, and a carbon price for the financial sector.

A Blueprint for Today's Sustainability | 10/31/07 John Lash Today's sustainability builds CSR and environmental awareness on brand value and the bottom line. But what are companies actually doing to achieve this? The good news is that sustainability initiatives follow a common blueprint across industries.

Lessons from the Montreal Protocol | 10/31/07 Steve Dorst What lessons were learned from the Montreal Protocol's success in curbing ozone depletion and how can we apply them to global climate change? EPA officials and industry leaders discuss the need for sound science, a flexible international agreement, and business innovation.

Corruption in the Public Eye | 10/11/07 Steve Dorst Documentarian Steve Dorst reflects on public perceptions of corruption and whether we're making progress combating it. This video was screened on September 19 at a GPI Workshop for Ethics in Business on fighting corruption.

Bloggingheads Video: China's Soft Power | 09/28/07 Devin T. Stewart, Joshua Kurlantzick Watch Devin Stewart of the Carnegie Council and Josh Kurlantzick of the Carnegie Endowment discuss China's Soft Power on bloggingheads.tv, an online forum of video "diavlogs."

Innovations in Fighting Corruption | 09/24/07 Steve A. Rochlin, Alice Eldridge, Katy Choo, Brian Levy This is a rapporteur's summary from Global Policy Innovations' second Workshop for Ethics and Business. The speakers include representatives from AccountAbility, GE, Lockheed Martin, and the World Bank.

Climate Change and the Precautionary Principle | 09/06/07 Steve Dorst Officials from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency discuss the success of the Montreal Protocol in limiting ozone depletion. They also reflect on scientific certainty, public policy, and the relevance of the precautionary principle for remedying climate change.

Can Rules Make Us Safer? International Security and the Dilemma of Rules | 09/05/07 Anthony F. Lang, Jr. Anthony F. Lang, Jr. explores what rules can and cannot do in the war on terrorism, pointing toward a possible world order that emphasizes constitutionalism as a way to reorder international security.

Carnegie Council Announces Workshops for Ethics in Business | 08/27/07 Devin T. Stewart Global Policy Innovations presents Workshops for Ethics in Business (WEB). WEB is a one-of-a-kind forum that brings together top corporations and NGOs in a civilized setting to share innovative ideas for addressing ethical issues related to globalization.

Offsets, the Indulgences of Today? | 08/24/07 Saul Gomez More and more, Saul Gomez says, wealthy individuals and companies are offsetting their carbon consumption out of a sincere concern for the environment, for good public relations, and for economic value.

Managing Japan-US-China Relations: A Japanese Perspective | 08/09/07 Koji Watanabe, Devin T. Stewart Ambassador Koji Watanabe of the Japan Center for International Exchange (JCIE) discusses the dynamics of the trilateral Japan-US-China relationship, which is emerging as a key force shaping the stability and governance of Asia.

Ethics of the Brain Drain in the Developing World: The Case of Philippine Health Professionals | 07/11/07 Federico Macaranas Dr. Federico Macaranas uses the exodus of Philippine health professionals as a case study to show the ill effects of the brain drain on poor countries.

U.S.-Russia Relations and Climate Change After the G8 | 06/26/07 Nikolas K. Gvosdev Nikolas K. Gvosdev examines the declining effectiveness of the G8 summits and the U.S.-Russian politics of climate change and missile defense that played out at this year's meeting.

Transatlantic Relations After the G8 | 06/26/07 Anatol Lieven Lieven explores the increasing complexity of US-EU-Russian relations due to energy interdependence, stalled eastward expansion of the EU, and the overall diminished power of the West, the delicate balance making it more difficult to resolve issues in places like Kosovo and South Ossetia.

Devin Stewart Interviews Marcus Noland on the Arab Economies | 04/16/07 Marcus Noland, Devin T. Stewart Devin Stewart interviews Marcus Noland about his forthcoming book, "The Arab Economies in a Changing World."

Famine in North Korea: Markets, Aid, and Reform | 04/16/07 Marcus Noland, Devin T. Stewart In the mid-1990s as many as one million North Koreans died in one of the worst famines of the twentieth century, and another great famine may be on its way, warns North Korea expert Marcus Noland.

The Business and Human Rights Resource Centre and the Importance of Human Rights Policies | 03/22/07 Joanne Bauer This talk was part of the event "Taking Stock of Business and Human Rights: Policies and Practices," cosponsored by the Business and Human Rights Resource Centre and the Carnegie Council.

The Interfaith Center on Corporate Responsibility and the Emergence of Corporate Human Rights Policies | 03/22/07 David M. Schilling This talk was part of the event "Taking Stock of Business and Human Rights: Policies and Practices," cosponsored by the Business and Human Rights Resource Centre and the Carnegie Council.

Perspectives from BP and the UN Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Business and Human Rights | 03/22/07 Christine Bader This talk was part of the event "Taking Stock of Business and Human Rights: Policies and Practices," cosponsored by the Business and Human Rights Resource Centre and the Carnegie Council.

Taking Stock of Business and Human Rights: Policies and Practices | 03/22/07 Christine Bader, Joanne Bauer, David M. Schilling Christine Bader, Joanne Bauer, and David Schilling discuss corporate social responsibility.

Central versus Local | 02/21/07 Timothy Savage More than any other countries on Earth, says Timothy Savage, China and the United States hold the key to whether humanity can put the brakes on its greenhouse gas emissions and avoid the dire consequences of global warming. Tension has been growing in both countries between local and central government approaches to climate change.

The U.S. Must Redefine "Fair Trade" | 02/09/07 Devin T. Stewart For the U.S. to justify and prolong its international leadership, it must ensure that the rest of the world can access the benefits of globalization. It can start by promulgating a more thoughtful approach to trade--one that is neither protectionist nor free market fundamentalist.

Environmental Treaties: Inconvenience or Opportunity? | 12/20/06 Shiyang Li The Kyoto Protocol took effect on February 16, 2005, as the first legally binding environmental treaty committed to reducing greenhouse emissions. But the United States, the world's largest polluter, continues to boycott the agreement. Parties to the convention recently started debating how the system will be extended after it expires in 2012. President Bush has said he does not intend to submit the treaty for ratification because of the exemptions granted to developing countries such as China, the world's second biggest emitter of atmospheric carbon.

Human Rights Issues and the Africa-China Economic Relationship | 12/07/06 David Shinn David Shinn describes the background, perceived values, and current diplomatic and human rights issues surrounding the growing economic relationships between China and African nations.

Can and Should Trade Be Used to Promote Human Rights, Fairness? Part 3 | 12/07/06 Christian Barry Christian Barry sketches a theoretical framework for what an account of fair trade would look like and suggests what progressive governments might do to ensure that human rights--as far as labor standards are concerned--are fulfilled worldwide.

Can and Should Trade Be Used to Promote Human Rights, Fairness? Part 2 | 12/07/06 Andrew Kuper Andrew Kuper discusses non-state actors as part of a new balance of powers. Kuper offers alternative methods--through demonstration rather than remonstration--for dealing with problems associated with international trade.

Coherence, Sanctions, and Human Rights Objectives | 12/07/06 Sakiko Fukuda-Parr Sakiko Fukuda-Parr focuses on human rights obligations across borders and the problem of sanctions as the instrument for human rights objectives.

Fairness and Export Subsidies in Global Trade | 12/07/06 Mathias Risse Mathias Risse talks about how fairness issues arise around export subsidies and concludes that, from a domestic policy point of view, subsidies are similar to other ways in which states support their people.

Can and Should Trade Be Used to Promote Human Rights, Fairness? Part 1 | 12/07/06 Edward J. Lincoln Edward Lincoln traces and assesses trends that have made economics more important since the 1960s and the forces in business, technology, and government that have driven those trends. He also offers suggestions on how economics can advance foreign policy goals.

A Critical Perspective on the Natural Resource Curse | 12/07/06 Sanjay G. Reddy Sanjay Reddy offers a skeptical view on the association in economic literature of natural resource export dependence and low economic growth.

Global Institutions and the Role of Resources | 12/07/06 Thomas Pogge Thomas Pogge analyzes the increase in global inequality and asserts that global factors, as well as local factors, help explain differential success. He focuses on the role of the four international privileges of borrowing, treaties, arms, and resources.

Procedural and Substantive Fairness in Trade Negotiations | 12/07/06 Junji Nakagawa Junji Nakagawa argues in favor of greater participation and substantive fairness, including development assistance, for developing countries in trade negotiations.

Developing Economy Dependence on Natural Resource Trade | 12/07/06 Keith Slack Keith Slack looks at the dependence on natural resource trade among developing economies and the paradox of governance as a remedy to the resource curse. He asserts that good governance is needed to manage industries that undermine good governance.

Price and Technology Opportunities in Managing Energy Resources | 12/07/06 David Dell David Dell explores how we can move from an economy that is based on burning fossil fuels to one that is based on an exchange of electrons or kilowatt hours that are not combustion-based.

Global Civil Society Mechanisms for Creating Fairer Trade | 12/07/06 Michael E. Conroy Michael Conroy argues that while the multilateral trade regime is not designed for fair, moral, or sustainable trade, global civil society has created mechanisms that are moving trade toward fairer, more sustainable bases. He describes those efforts in the realms of forestry, fisheries, and mining.

Economic Justice in an Unfair World: Toward a Level Playing Field | 11/01/06 Ethan B. Kapstein In a lively session, Ethan Kapstein of INSEAD proposes just what the international community can reasonably do to build a global economy that will be fairer to all.

North Korea's Nuclear Detonation and Northeast Asian Politics | 10/26/06 Nikolas K. Gvosdev, Devin T. Stewart Are the major powers prepared to live with a nuclear North Korea if the detonation acts as a check on U.S. power? How will events move forward—and what precedents are being set for how the Iranian crisis may also be resolved?

China's New-Rich and Global Responsibility | 10/13/06 Devin T. Stewart, Joshua Eisenman China's authorities have recently come under fire from foreign governments and human rights groups for Chinese business practices in other countries. Eisenman and Stewart delve into the foreign policy issues arising from China's new-found wealth.

Devin Stewart Interviews Ian Bremmer | 09/12/06 Ian Bremmer, Devin T. Stewart Ian Bremmer and Devin Stewart discuss what the J Curve means for U.S. foreign policy and democracy promotion in China, North Korea, Iran, and Cuba.

G-8 Summit Briefing | 07/18/06 Nikolas K. Gvosdev What was really accomplished at the St. Petersburg G-8 meeting? Can the G-8 really cope with the pressing issues of the day, from energy security to stemming the spread of WMD, or is it fated to end up as little more than a photo op for world leaders? Gvosdev gives his firsthand impressions.

Christopher Avery Interviewed by Devin Stewart | 07/17/06 Christopher L. Avery, Devin T. Stewart Christopher Avery and Devin Stewart discuss the evolution of the Business and Human Rights Resource Centre, a group dedicated to promoting greater awareness of corporate misconduct, as well as best practices. Learn what inspired Avery to establish this innovative group and about its recent successes.

Is a Fairer Globalization Possible? | 10/26/05 Mary Robinson, Kemal Dervis, Stephen Macedo, Gideon Rose A distinguished panel of Kemal Davis, Steve Macedo, and Mary Robinson outline the problems of growing inequality caused by globalization and propose practical solutions. Moderated by Gideon Rose.

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