Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action on Iran: Assessment and Prospects | 08/20/15 Professor Gary Sick, Iran expert at Columbia University and lead White House negotiator during the 1979 Iran hostage crisis, assesses the merits of the recently negotiated agreement on Iran's nuclear program and the prospects for the upcoming vote in Congress.
Bringing Ukraine Back Into Focus: How to End the New Cold War and Provide Effective Political Assistance to Ukraine | 08/19/15 Peacemaking efforts in Ukraine have failed because two crises must be addressed simultaneously. The first is the crisis within Ukraine over whether it should be a monocultural or bicultural nation. The second is the crisis in Russian relations with the West. The key is viewing Russia as part of the solution, rather than as the problem.
"Soft Power": The Values that Shape Russian Foreign Policy | 07/30/15 In the increasingly frigid environment of U.S.-Russia relations, much attention is given to what may be seen as Russia's strategic "interests." Of at least equal significance for understanding Russian attitudes, however, is a grasp of the values, the moral framework for Russia's foreign policy.
Ukraine and the Future of Reforms | 07/20/15 In May 2015, a time of crisis not only for Ukraine but also for the future of the entire EU, Cloud and Gvosdev went to Lithuania, Poland, Germany, and Belgium and had frank discussions on Ukraine with former and current government officials and think-tank representatives, and with EU officials in Brussels. Here are their findings.
Eighteen Months On: Post-Maidan Ukraine | 07/14/15 Professor Nicolai Petro was a Fulbright scholar in Odessa, southern Ukraine, for a year in the aftermath of the Maidan revolution. In Odessa once again, he offers his impressions of the economic, political, and security situations in Ukraine today.
U.S.-Russia Relations: Critical and Unstable | 07/02/15 "What was a troubled relationship is now on life support, and the deterioration has taken place in the most existentially perilous area of arms control, specifically nuclear weapons," says David Speedie. How can the United States and Russia move from "zero-sum" to "constructive engagement"?
Ethical Leadership: A Conversation with Chuck Hagel | 06/23/15 The one constant in Chuck Hagel's varied and pressure-filled career has been ethical leadership. How have his experiences--in war, the boardroom, Congress, and as secretary of defense--shaped his leadership style?
Clip of the Month: Chuck Hagel on Fundamentals of Ethical Leadership | 06/18/15 Successful businessman, two-term United States senator, secretary of defense—in each of these leadership roles Chuck Hagel has consistently adopted and articulated policy decisions based on ethics and principle, rather than political expediency. Here, in response to a midshipman's question about leadership style, he describes the foundations of his approach "from Vietnam all the way to being the top man in the military."
Europe's Muslims: Challenges and Misconceptions | 06/17/15 Months after the "Charlie Hebdo" attacks, questions remain about Europe's Muslims. How strong is the lure of al-Qaeda and ISIS for youth in France or the UK? Why do so many, including those born and raised in affluent European states, feel disconnected from society? For a nuanced analysis of these misunderstood communities, watch this video.
From Nuclear Deterrence to Disarmament: Evolving Catholic Perspectives | 06/01/15 In this timely and important discussion on nuclear weapons, Des Browne provides the broader policy context; Archbishop Auza presents the Holy See's position over the last 70 years; Father Hehir connects the policy debate and the moral debate; and Professor Love connects the nuclear debate to the wider debate about peacebuilding.
Israel, Iran, and ISIL: A Report on Security Challenges for the Greater Middle East | 05/14/15 Charles Freilich, former Israeli deputy national security advisor, speaks on a wide-ranging set of topics, from Israel's post-election domestic politics to external threats from ISIL--and why the May 2 preliminary agreement between the P5 + 1 and Iran may be seen as a positive development for Israel.
How to get from Soviet Studies to Russian Studies | 04/30/15 The end of major government funding for Russian studies offers a chance to start studying Russia properly, argues Nicolai Petro, and that's something which is sorely needed.
Are We At War With Islam? | 04/17/15 In Europe, both non-Muslims and Muslims need to honestly confront and contend with the stereotypes, anxieties, and resentments they have about each other, says Professor Cesari in this probing conversation on Muslims in Europe.
Juan Cole on Europe's Muslims and More | 04/16/15 In this enlightening conversation, Professor Cole, an expert in relations between the Muslim world and the West, gives an on-the-ground perspective on the Iran nuclear talks and the reaction to them in the Arab world, Muslims in Europe, Yemen, ISIS, and much more.
P5 + 1 + Iran: Report on the Ongoing Nuclear Talks | 04/08/15 Speaking on the very day of the nuclear accord, Ambassador Mousavian explains why he believes the agreement is positive progress for both sides. And in a candid and forthright discussion with the audience, he explains the Iranian perspective on Israel, the U.S.-Israel relationship, ISIS, and also the workings of the Iranian government.
The United States, Russia, and Ukraine: Report from Moscow | 03/10/15 Dmitri Trenin, director of Carnegie Endowment's Moscow Center, served in the Soviet and Russian military for two decades and understands both the Russian and U.S. points of view. He warns that U.S.-Russia relations are heading for a new version of the Cold War, and also discusses the Russian economy and its relations with China and other countries.
The Nemtsov Tragedy, and the Blame Game | 03/04/15 Since Boris Nemtsov's murder in Moscow on February 27, we have been regaled by a range of ill-informed conspiracy theories, writes David Speedie. Yet Putin would have almost nothing to gain, and something to lose, from Nemtsov's fate. Speedie argues that there is another theory that is as chilling as it is plausible.
Then and Now: Eight Lingering Questions on U.S.-Russia-Ukraine | 02/26/15 In March 2014, David Speedie posed eight questions on the Ukraine crisis. With an ongoing civil war in Ukraine some 15 months after the Maidan rebellion and overthrow of Ukraine's elected president, it seems time for eight new questions reflective of the ongoing crisis, and of the consequent relentless downward spiral in U.S.-Russia relations.
Extreme Political Parties in Greece: Economic and Cultural Factors | 01/22/15 "There has been, in the period of the last 30 years especially, a breakdown of trust, not only between the governed and the government, but also between Greeks, among themselves." Palaiologos, a prominent Greek scholar-journalist, analyzes how Greece went wrong, the rise of extremist parties on both right and left, and what needs to be done.
From "Indispensable Nation" to "Realism-Based Restraint": Reconsidering U.S. Engagement with the World | 11/24/14 Former ambassador Chas Freeman has had a wide breadth of diplomatic experience, from the Middle East to Africa, East Asia, and Europe. In this conversation he eloquently speaks his mind on the negative effects of sanctions, the folly of U.S. unqualified support for Israel, the U.S. strategy and diplomacy deficits, and much more.
Clip of the Month: Chas W. Freeman, Jr. on Wrestling, the Ottoman Sultan, & Fighting ISIS | 11/20/14 Chas Freeman, former U.S. ambassador to Saudi Arabia, says that Arab countries need to provide the moral response to ISIS, or Da'ish. He also compares national security to sports and America to the Ottoman Empire during the Thirty Years' War.
From Paris to Moscow: The Rise of New Far-Right Movements Across Europe | 10/31/14 What effect has the Ukraine crisis had on the rise of ultra-nationalist forces in Russia and what has been the impact on Russia's neighbors? What is the situation among Europe's different far-right movements? Russia/Eurasia/Europe expert Marlene Laruelle has answers to these complex questions and more.
Needs Work: A Troubled U.S.-Russia Relationship | 10/16/14 "The febrile hyperbole of criticism directed at Russia as a result of the crisis in Ukraine is misdirected and harmful to both Russia and the United States," argues David Speedie.
The Middle East in Crisis: a View from Israel | 10/16/14 Chuck Freilich, former Israeli deputy national security adviser, speaks from Tel Aviv on turbulence across the greater Middle East, including the ISIL threat, Iran and the P5+1 negotiations, and prospects for the peace process.
Elite Perceptions of the United States in Europe and Asia | 10/13/14 An interesting new report finds that political and business leaders in Asia value U.S. hard power while Europeans focus on American values. Both, however, view U.S. business and entrepreneurial spirit more positively than the government. What do these attitudes mean for policymakers and civil society?
Ukraine and the New Divide between the United States and Russia | 08/28/14 David Speedie interviews Dr. Dmitri Trenin, director of the Carnegie Moscow Center of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, on how the Ukraine crisis has opened a new fissure in the relationship between the United States and Russia.
Iran Nuclear Threat: Fact or Fiction? | 07/21/14 Senior Fellow David Speedie interviews Dr. Gareth Porter, scholar, journalist, and skeptic concerning U.S. claims of an Iranian nuclear weapons program.
The European Parliament Elections and Rise of the Far Right: Three Reasons for Reassurance, Three for Concern | 06/06/14 The European Parliament election results are in, and the ominous has become the grim reality. Fueled by high unemployment across the continent and anti-immigrant anger, Far-Right (and in some isolated cases Far-Left) parties achieved momentous gains. What does this mean for the future and why does it matter to the United States?
Ukraine Update: The Presidential Elections and Beyond | 05/30/14 David Speedie discusses the election of new Ukrainian president Petro Poroshenko with University of Rhode Island's Nicolai Petro and University of Kent's Richard Sakwa, both speaking from Odessa in southern Ukraine.
The Rise of the New Far Right in Europe and Implications for European Parliament Elections | 05/13/14 This panel gives an excellent overview of the complexities of the rise of right-wing populism across Europe, focusing in particular on France, the UK, and Hungary. The discussion illuminates the differences and similarities between the movements and shows how in many countries the themes of the radical left have been hijacked by the radical right.
Ukraine Update: Report from Odessa | 05/09/14 With the deadly conflict in Ukraine spreading to this hitherto calm southern city, David Speedie speaks again with Dr. Nicolai Petro, professor of international relations at the University of Rhode Island, who is currently a Fulbright Fellow in Odessa.
Ukraine and U.S.-Russian Relations | 04/24/14 With balance and objectivity, seasoned Russian policy expert Tom Graham tackles the thorny question of Ukraine and the wider scope of U.S.-Russia relations across the board.
Report from Ukraine: The Crisis Moves East | 04/23/14 David Speedie discusses with Dr. Nicolai Petro, currently a Fulbright Fellow in Odessa, the recent outbreaks of violence in pro-Russia majority regions of Eastern Ukraine, the prospects for scheduled May elections, and the impact of the continuing crisis on U.S.-Russian relations.
Iran and Nuclear Proliferation: Update with Joseph Cirincione | 04/16/14 Joseph Cirincione, president of the Ploughshares Fund, discusses the status and prospects for the ongoing P5+1 talks in Vienna on Iran's nuclear program, and the importance of successful negotiations for the global nuclear nonproliferation agenda.
An Update from Ukraine | 04/11/14 From Odessa, political scientist Dr. Nicolai Petro discusses the unrest in the eastern Donbas region and possibilities for a diplomatic resolution of the Ukraine crisis.
Iran's Nuclear Program: Status and Prospects for the P5+1 Negotiations | 04/04/14 Discussions among the Iran and the P5 countries and Germany on the Iranian nuclear energy program are ongoing in Vienna. William O. Beeman, professor and chair of the Department of Anthropology at the University of Minnesota, who has written extensively on these issues, discusses the current state of affairs and possible outcomes.
Crisis in Ukraine: Ukraine and Russia Beyond Crimean Secession | 03/24/14 Professor Nicolai Petro, currently in Odessa, Ukraine, discusses recent developments, including the secessionist vote in the Crimean peninsula and the subsequent annexation by Russia, outcomes for the rest of Ukraine, and two major speeches by President Putin on the situation and the impact on relations between Russia and the West.
Rein in Ukraine's Neo-Fascists | 03/06/14 For a new government to succeed in Ukraine, it's important that the nation's neo-fascist, anti-Semitic, and anti-Russian parties are marginalized, writes David Speedie.
Crisis in Ukraine: Crimean Stand-Off | 03/05/14 In the latest Security Bulletin, Russia expert Professor Nicolai Petro speaks from Odessa in southern Ukraine on the ongoing crisis, with a particular focus on the strategically vital Crimean Peninsula, home to Russia's Black Sea Fleet and to a substantial ethnic Russian population.
The Future of American Warfighting: Lessons of the Contemporary Battlefield | 02/27/14 What are the ethical and legal questions raised by unmanned aerial vehicles, drones, and surveillance? How do they affect combatants, decision-makers, and civilians? An expert panel explores these crucial issues.
New Interview Series, "Ethics in Security Bulletin," with an Initial Focus on Ukraine | 02/25/14 This podcast interview series explores the ethical dimensions of issues around the world, from Eastern Europe to the Middle East, and discusses the role played by U.S. foreign policy and the West.
Crisis in Ukraine: The View from Beyond Kiev | 02/24/14 This is the third in a series of Security Bulletins on the crisis in Ukraine, and here Dr. Nicolai N. Petro gives us a view from beyond Kiev, from Odessa in the country's South. He explains the various political factions and warns about the danger of right-wing nationalism--not overnight, perhaps, but over the long term.
Differing Perspectives on Iran and the Middle East Peace Process: Is there a Crisis in U.S.-Israel Relations? | 02/13/14 Do the public disagreements between the Obama administration and the Netanyahu government over Iran's nuclear program and the current peace talks with the Palestinians signal a growing rift between the United States and Israel? How strong is the alliance between the countries? What does the future hold for Israel?
Rules of Engagement: The Legal, Ethical and Moral Challenges of the Long War | 02/13/14 Can the drone campaign be legally and morally justified? What are the limits to the president's authority when it comes to targeted killing? Don't miss this discussion with Robert Grenier, former CIA counterterrorism director; Charles Blanchard, former general counsel of the U.S. Air Force; and Kenneth Anderson, professor of law at American University.
Crisis in Ukraine: The Role and Responsibility of the West | 02/12/14 This is the second in a series of Carnegie Council Security Bulletins on the crisis in Ukraine, in conversation with Dr. Anton Shekhovtsov, a Ukrainian-born expert on his nation and on European and Eurasian nationalism, who is now based at University College London.
Crisis in Ukraine: A Voice from Kiev, January 31, 2014 | 02/03/14 What is the likely outcome of the violent clashes in Ukraine? Does the U.S. and the West have a moral imperative to intervene and, if so, how? Speaking from Kiev, Dr. Andreas Umland assesses the situation.
The Rise of Extremism in a Disunited Europe | 01/17/14 A sinister scenario is playing out in Europe: the rise of right-wing populism, and in some cases, extreme far-right forces. Throughout 2013, Carnegie Council's U.S. Global Engagement program tracked these developments and it will be publishing its findings in 2014. This article analyzes the current situation.
Important Choices: Foreign Policy and Defense Spending | 10/07/13 How much does the U.S. actually spend on defense and where does that money go? Lawrence Korb, an expert on the federal budget, the military, and national security, discusses the tough choices the U.S. needs to make on defense spending; relations with Iran; Syria; NATO; and nuclear weapons.
U.S. Policy on Iran and the Middle East: Where Do We Go From Here? | 09/27/13 Are we on the brink of a new era in Iran-U.S. relations? Maybe. Iran expert Gary Sick discusses President Rouhani's UN speech, which took place just before this event, plus previous missed opportunities and the current possibilities of rapprochement. While condemning the regime, he sees an opening for constructive negotiations.
Russia Has Strong Grounds for Sense of Grievance | 09/20/13 "When shall we move on from the tired shibboleths about Russia's "petulant obstructiveness" in international affairs?," asks senior fellow and program director David Speedie in this "Financial Times" letter to the editor. "Russia's sense of grievance, even as we have entered the post-post-cold war era, is hardly groundless."
A Lifeline for Peace in Syria--and for Obama | 09/16/13 Why are we so reluctant to say the following? The overriding priority is to end the killing; defanging the Syrian chemical weapons complex will be difficult and long-term, although the U.S.-Russia agreement offers a bold, if challenging, timetable; and Russia has come up with a better idea than we could, and we are prepared to follow and support its lead.
Arise TV: Review, September 08 | 09/08/13 Senior fellow David Speedie appeared on "Arise Review" to discuss the developing crisis in Syria, as well as efforts to garner support for a limited strike against Bashar al-Assad. "Lobbing a few hundred Tomahawk missiles in a very restricted military exercise," he argues "will potentially ... aggravate the situation rather than resolve everything."
Seven Reasons U.S. Intervention in Syria is a Bad Idea | 08/30/13 In this opinion piece adapted for "The Christian Science Monitor," senior fellow and program director David Speedie argues that the view that the U.S. is morally obligated to get involved in Syria, while understandable, "is wrong for seven key reasons, both moral and pragmatic."
The World Through Arab Eyes: Arab Public Opinion and the Reshaping of the Middle East | 06/10/13 While domestic injustices and the information revolution were key factors, Dr. Telhami argues it's impossible to understand the Arab uprisings without also referring to foreign policy. "The dignity that they sought to restore in these uprisings was not only about their relationship with the rulers, but was about their relationship with the rest of the world."
The Takeaway with John Hockenberry: European Union Ends Arms Embargo on Syrian Rebels | 05/28/13 Program Director David Speedie appeared on WNYC's "The Takeaway With John Hockenberry," commenting on developments in the EU's Syria policies
After Boston: An Intelligence Blame Game with no Winner | 05/08/13 Immediately after the Boston Marathon bombings there was a sadly predictable flurry of mutual recriminations between the intelligence services of the U.S. and Russia. It's time to put suspicions aside and work together against terrorism directed at both countries.
"'Can' Is Not the Same as 'Should'" | 05/01/13 Regarding U.S. intervention in Syria: just because the U.S. 'can' doesn't mean it 'should,' writes program director and senior fellow David Speedie in a letter to the "Financial Times."
Investing in an Independent Scotland | 04/10/13 In an eloquent speech, First Minister Salmond, leader of the government in Scotland, makes the case for an independent Scotland. In addition to compelling economic reasons, he argues that clearly, "the best people to take decisions about Scotland are the people who choose to live and work in Scotland."
Salmond speaks to Carnegie Council as part of Scotland Week | 04/08/13 "The Edinburgh Reporter" reported on First Minister of Scotland Alex Salmond's speech at Carnegie Council.
Empathy needed now more than ever | 04/06/13 In a talk at Princeton, First Minister of Scotland Alex Salmond cited his previous speech at Carnegie Council.
Report from the Middle East | 02/14/13 Chuck Freilich's knowledgeable talk gives us an overview of the primary forces at work today in the Middle East--and some potential outcomes. He also provides an insider's analysis of Israel's politics and prospects.
Going to Tehran: Prospects for U.S.-Iranian Engagement | 01/30/13 Americans' view of Iran as an illegitimate system in imminent danger of overthrow is wrongheaded, wishful thinking, say the Leveretts. The U.S. needs to come to terms with the Islamic Republic of Iran, not as a favor to Iran, but to save its own position in the Middle East and avert another war. Nixon went to China. Obama needs to go to Iran.
Prospects for U.S.-Iran Relations | 01/03/13 Iran and the U.S. have a long list of common interests, including Afghanistan, stability in Iraq, and fighting drug trafficking. A good way to start creating trust between the two nations would be to cooperate on these issues, instead of always focusing on divisive ones like nuclear capability.
Senator Richard Lugar on Nuclear Weapons Reduction | 10/12/12 Senator Lugar tells the dramatic story of his bipartisan work on the Cooperative Threat Reduction Program (also known as Nunn–Lugar), which provides funding and expertise for states in the former USSR nations to reduce nuclear weapons.
Frank Vogl on Corruption | 10/10/12 Corruption is not a victimless crime, as many believe. Transparency International's Frank Vogl discusses the global, grass-roots fight against this age-old problem.
PepsiCo's Donald M. Kendall on Russia | 08/07/12 Kendall recalls how he opened up the former Soviet Union for PepsiCo, bringing in other U.S. companies as well. He goes on to discuss his warm relationship with Putin, his admiration for the Russian people, and his hopes for better U.S.-Russia relations.
U.S.-Iran Relations: Exiting the Cul de Sac? | 07/19/12 Leading a coalition in a relentless campaign of sanctions against Iran, the U.S. has the upper hand. Therefore it should make the first move to break through the current impasse, says David Speedie. As first steps towards normal relations, he suggests some things that the U.S. ought NOT to do.
Farewell Dick Lugar: A Gentleman Departs | 05/14/12 Despite certain Republicans' claims to the contrary, Dick Lugar was a genuine conservative, albeit a responsible one who saw the advantage of engaging the other side, whether that be Democrats in Congress or Russians on arms control.
One-Minute Preview of TV Special "Playing for Power" | 04/25/12 Bringing together little-known archival footage and brand-new interviews, "Playing for Power" sheds light on the prominent and backroom players who brought Boris Yeltsin to power in 1991, but lost momentum during the implementation of democracy in Russia.
Iran: A Diplomatic Solution | 03/19/12 In this knowledgeable and detailed talk, Ambassador Pickering cuts through the current hysteria about Iran, stressing that we still have time for diplomacy. In fact it may finally be the right moment for both sides to engage in constructive talks.
Russia Bulletin, Issue 1 | 01/19/12 In this inaugural issue of the Russia Bulletin, David Speedie considers U.S.-Russia relations, missile defense, and the parliamentary elections and ensuing Moscow demonstrations.
Anatol Lieven on Pakistan | 12/06/11 Pakistan expert Anatol Lieven unravels Pakistan's troubled and complex relationships with the U.S., Afghanistan, the Taliban, and its own army--and adds this special note on what bin Laden's death means for U.S.-Pakistan relations.
Report from Iran | 11/30/11 Dr. Larijani, Iran's secretary general of the High Council for Human Rights, describes Iran's system as a "democratic structure based on Islamic rationality," and engages in a sometimes heated discussion with the audience on nuclear weapons and human rights in Iran.
Towards a More Robust Public Policy Environment in the Middle East | 11/28/11 Dr. Alterman describes the principal challenges for the Arab Middle East states as "developing human capital and strengthening public policy environments." In aspiring to these, he calls for patience and long-haul commitment, even restraint, from Western donor sources.
Illusions of Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism | 11/22/11 "It's time that we got ourselves out of this false sense of insecurity and realize that terrorism is here to stay, it will never pose an existential threat to this country, and the biggest threat it poses to us is that we will work ourselves into overreacting to the threat that it poses us."
Putin and his Russia Don't Deserve the Bad Rap | 11/16/11 Let's look at some of the most serious accusations leveled at Putin and his Russia. In the right light, we see Russia and Putin have taken some undue heat.
Carnegie Council's Program on U.S. Global Engagement: a Two-Year Retrospective | 09/30/11 These materials from a June 2011 international conference examine U.S.-Russian relations; nuclear arms control and nonproliferation; European and NATO security challenges for the future, including Afghanistan; and competition and cooperation in the Arctic region.
Jackson-Vanik: Time for Reconsideration? | 09/27/11 The Jackson-Vanik amendment has been imposed on Russia for 37 years. Is it time for repeal?
European Security and Arms Control | 09/23/11 Although Russia and the West are confronting each other on a number of issues, it is premature to write off their strategic partnership. The New START Treaty establishes stability of the nuclear balance for the next decade. This will help them eventually move to mutual assured security.
The Precarious State of Flux of the Conventional Armed Forces in Europe Treaty (CFE) | 09/23/11 This paper's main predictive theoretical proposition is that, in fact, progress on conventional arms control in Europe will continue to move at a pace dictated by nuclear atmospherics.
Jackson-Vanik: Time for Reconsideration? | 09/21/11 The Jackson-Vanik amendment has been imposed on Russia for 37 years. Is it time for repeal? This event is in cooperation with EastWest Institute.
What Should be the Next Phase in U.S.-Russia Relations? | 09/09/11 Reflecting on U.S.-Russia relations, Thomas Graham and Nikolas Gvosdev agree that there is an urgent need to find a common strategic purpose that suits the interests of both the U.S. and Russia.
The Future of U.S.-Russian Relations | 09/06/11 Can the United States and Russia finally put their zero-sum competition in Eurasia behind them so that they can concentrate on the common strategic challenges before them, such as how to deal with China and with the former Soviet space?
Russia's High Ambitions and Ambivalent Activities in the Arctic | 09/02/11 The Arctic is often seen as a no-mans-land where natural resources are up for grabs. In reality, international cooperation is working well and the regions's wealth has been overestimated. Nonetheless, Russia's ambitions are bound up with the Arctic, and this can lead to tensions.
Cooling Things Down: The Legalization of Arctic Security | 09/01/11 Many are concerned about possible struggles over Arctic territory and resources. Yet this paper argues that most Arctic sovereignty disputes have either been resolved or are actively being negotiated. Thus there is no competition for territory or resources, and no prospect of conflict.
The Ethics of the Nuclear Security Summit Process | 08/31/11 This paper examines the ethical questions around two intertwined 21st century issues: nuclear terrorism and the Nuclear Security Summit (NSS) process. Does the process take into account the principles of pluralism, fairness, and rights and responsibilities?
The Soviet and U.S. Experiences in Military Intervention in Afghanistan and Current U.S.-Russian Cooperation | 08/29/11 This paper examines the similarities and differences in the 1980s Soviet experience in Afghanistan and the current U.S.-led coalition effort, and the mutual interests for Washington and Moscow to avoid the kind of end-game of 1992, when the Najibullah regime fell.
European/Eurasian Security and the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe (CFE) | 08/29/11 What is the role of the CFE Treaty as part of contemporary European security architecture? How has it performed since its signing and what is its current status? What steps must be taken to ensure that this agreement remains relevant and continues its "cornerstone" role?
The Current Status and Prospects for the U.S.-Russia Relationship | 08/24/11 The U.S.-Russia relationship is never linear and never always smooth sailing, says Stent. What are the achievements of the reset policy and what remains to be achieved? How can we maintain the momentum that we have now in this relationship and not let it slip again?
The Collapse of the Soviet Union: Thoughts on the 20th Anniversary | 08/24/11 U.S. Ambassador to the USSR Jack Matlock explodes some myths that are current in the United States, in Russia, and in Europe about just how and when the Cold War ended and how and when the Soviet Union collapsed.
Arms Control and Proliferation Challenges to the Reset Policy | 08/24/11 The United States, Russia, and outside observers all agree on one thing: the fragility of the reset policy. This paper clarifies the reasons for this fragility and the consequences for arms control and future cooperation on nonproliferation issues.
Education for Employment Foundation: New Opportunities for Middle East Youth | 08/10/11 Carnegie Council's David Speedie and Ronald Bruder, founder of the Education for Employment Foundation, discuss the Foundation's work in providing job training for at-risk youth in Arab Muslim countries, and also the impact of the Arab Spring.
Rise of the Rest IV: Critical Regions in Crisis | 05/31/11 Optimistic and bleak by turns, a panel of experts analyzes the dilemmas facing the rising and existing powers--from protests across the Middle East, to the earthquake and nuclear disaster in Japan, to rising food and oil prices across the world.
A New Afghanistan in a New International Construct | 04/20/11 Picco argues that, first, we may have to set aside the notion that Afghanistan must remain a unified, centrally governed state; and second, that a pan-regional dialogue among critical countries--including Pakistan, India, Iran, and Saudi Arabia--is essential for a favorable outcome.
Can Obama Please Both Arabs and Israelis? What the Polls and History Tell Us | 03/16/11 Despite Obama's rhetoric, most Arabs still see America through the prism of pain of the Arab-Israeli conflict, says Telhami, and a majority of Arabs and Israelis no longer believe peace is possible. Both the Arabs and the Israelis need to put public opinion aside and build an agreement.
Media in Contemporary Russia | 03/16/11 What is the current situation of journalism in Russia today, where 70 percent of media is owned by the state? The Council welcomes a delegation of Russia's media leaders for a frank discussion.
Reflections from Moscow | 03/10/11 After a recent visit to Moscow, David Speedie casts a sympathetic eye on Russia's contradictions and societal stresses--with particular focus on its heroin and HIV/AIDS crisis. Russia now has the third-highest heroin abuse rate per capita in the world, behind only Afghanistan and Iran.
Putting Middle East Youth to Work: Partnering with Business to Turn a Youth Tsunami into an Asset | 02/02/11 Founder and CEO Ron Bruder and VP Jasmine Nahhas di Florio introduce Education for Employment Foundation, an NGO that creates employment opportunities for youth in the Middle East and North Africa. Five programs are underway: Egypt, Jordan, West Bank/Gaza, Morocco, and Yemen.
Putting Middle East Youth to Work: Partnering with Business to Turn a Youth Tsunami into an Asset | 01/03/11 Founder and CEO Ron Bruder and VP Jasmine Nahhas di Florio introduce Education for Employment Foundation, an NGO that creates employment opportunities for youth in the Middle East and North Africa. Five programs are underway: Egypt, Jordan, West Bank/Gaza, Morocco, and Yemen.
The Frugal Superpower: America's Global Leadership in a Cash-Strapped Era | 10/20/10 Michael Mandelbaum says that in this age of soaring deficits, the era marked by an expansive U.S. foreign policy is coming to an end. He recommends a new policy, centered on a reduction in the nation's dependence on foreign oil.
Pakistan, the United States, and the West: David Speedie Interviews Anatol Lieven | 10/05/10 Anatol Lieven discusses Pakistan's surprising degree of stability; the role of the army and ISI; the drug trade; and Pakistan's relationship with the U.S., Afghanistan, and other countries, including India, China, and Russia.
NWFZs: Pursuing a World Free of Nuclear Weapons | 09/07/10 Today there are five Nuclear Weapon Free Zone (NWFZ) treaties, yet only one has been fully ratified. Sadly, the reservations of the nuclear weapon states, specifically those of the United States, hinder the success and complete denuclearization of these designated zones.
Beyond the NPT | 07/21/10 Doctors Roald Sagdeev and Frank von Hippel have collaborated for decades on nuclear arms control and nonproliferation between the U.S. and the USSR. They discuss their work and their insights for the future arms control agenda.
For Obama, Short-term Tactics, or Long-term Strategy on Iran? | 07/20/10 By insisting on votes on sanctions against Iran, Obama may have sacrificed his strategic objective--to prevent the development of the Iranian bomb--for an ephemeral victory in the UN Security Council.
The Bloom is off the Rose--and the Orange, and the Tulip | 07/01/10 What went wrong with the "Color Revolutions" in Ukraine, Georgia, and Kyrgyzstan? It was a combination of excessive expectations of the new leaders, and some policy missteps, primarily at the hands of the U.S. and the West.
Foundations Are Free to Innovate | 06/02/10 Charitable and philanthropic foundations hold a uniquely privileged position in society. With the right mix of daring and rigor they can spark real creativity among their grantees.
After START--What Next? David Speedie Interviews Jayantha Dhanapala | 06/02/10 Jayantha Dhanapala, former Under-Secretary-General for Disarmament Affairs at the UN, gives his views on "getting to zero" on nuclear weapons.
Dealing with Iran: "Missed Opportunities" and "Holding Contradictory Ideas at the Same Time" | 05/27/10 How, ask David Speedie and Gary Sick, can we move the U.S.-Iran dialogue beyond the current mutually recriminatory stalemate?
Sebastian Junger and David Speedie on Afghanistan (NEWSWEEK On Air Interview) | 05/07/10 Sebastian Junger recounts some of his experiences while embedded with U.S. troops in Afghanistan. Referring to a recent Carnegie Council panel, David Speedie discusses the ethics of withdrawal, given that the U.S. has set a timetable for leaving and is in negotiations with the Taliban.
Rise of the Rest | 04/30/10 The Council's "Rise of the Rest" project focuses not on decline of existing powers but on the emergence of others. The U.S. should accept these developments for what they are, recognize the interests of others, and see opportunity for burden sharing rather than threat to primacy.
The Georgia-Russia War in South Ossetia: The Russian View | 04/09/10 Published by the Moscow-based Center of Analysis of Strategies and Technologies, "The Tanks of August" is a must read, as it offers both factual and analytical perspectives which most Western readers rarely encounter.
Jackson-Vanik: a Bridge to the 20th Century | 03/30/10 U.S. and Russian leaders and Jewish organizations all agree: the U.S. should "graduate" Russia from the JV amendment, which ties freedom of trade benefits to freedom of emigration. JV doesn't help Soviet Jews and it harms Russia's WTO prospects and U.S.-Russia business dealings.
Recent Advances in the Prevention of Mass Violence | 03/29/10 How can we prevent mass violence? Drawing on insights from leaders in the field, David Hamburg identifies the clear warnings that always appear long before genocide erupts and the critical points of entry for early help to countries with troubled intergroup relations.
Future Challenges: The UN and the UNA. David Speedie Interviews Ambassador Thomas Miller | 03/29/10 President and CEO of the UN Association of the USA, Ambassador Miller discusses the U.S. role in the world and the power of grass roots commitment. Citizens can change policy by reminding leaders of their obligations on issues such as climate change.
Rise of the Rest III: Climate Change, Energy, and Global Governance after the Financial Crisis | 03/17/10 This panel focuses on global governance since the financial crisis, in particular on climate change, energy security, and issues of consensus, common ethics, and trust.
Good Neighbors? The Shanghai Cooperation Organization | 02/18/10 The West has largely dismissed the Shanghai Cooperation Organization as some kind of empty anti-U.S., anti-NATO rhetorical flourish, writes David Speedie. Yet in fact its expanded role and reach are demonstrable, impressive, and likely to continue.
David Speedie Interviews Baroness Shirley Williams: A View from the United Kingdom on Transatlantic Relations | 02/17/10 In a wide-ranging conversation, Baroness Williams discusses the Obama administration's foreign policy; the situation in Afghanistan and in Iran; U.S. and British politics, including voter representation and corruption; and her work on nuclear disarmament.
Carnegie Council Posts Two Papers on U.S.-Russia Relations and the Arctic | 12/18/09 This set of two papers, one by a Canadian and one by a Russian, focuses on U.S.-Russian competition and cooperation in the Arctic region, looking particularly at security, commercial, and environmental issues of shared concern.
Russia and U.S.-Russia Relations: David Speedie Interviews Ambassador Thomas Pickering | 12/16/09 Ambassador Thomas Pickering discusses Russia's role in the unfolding events in Iran and other potential areas of cooperation between Russia and the United States, including missile defense and NATO enlargement.
U.S-Russia Relations and the Arctic | 12/16/09 This set of two papers, one by a Canadian and one by a Russian, focuses on U.S.-Russian competition and cooperation in the Arctic region, looking particularly at security, commercial, and environmental issues of shared concern.
The Arctic: The Next "Hot Spot" of International Relations or a Region of Cooperation? | 12/16/09 Dr. Morozov identifies several key points regarding both the existing problems and challenges of the Arctic region, as well as possible ways to overcome them through joint efforts by the actors operating in the region.
Cold Peace: International Cooperation Takes Hold in the Arctic | 12/16/09 Thanks to international law, there is no race for Arctic resources, nor any appetite for military confrontation. The Arctic has become a zone of quiet cooperation, as countries work together to map the seabed, protect the environment, and guard against new, non-state security threats.
Prospects for Arms Control in the Obama Administration: An Interview with John Isaacs | 12/11/09 John Isaacs, Executive Director of the Council for a Livable World, discusses nuclear weapons treaties and their relevance for U.S. foreign policy, domestic politics, and the global arms control agenda.
Prospects for Arms Control in the Obama Administration | 12/10/09 John Isaacs discusses nuclear weapons treaties and their relevance for U.S. foreign policy, domestic politics, and the global arms control agenda.
Afghanistan Briefing | 11/11/09 "Afghanistan makes Iraq look easy," says U.S. Army Colonel (Ret.) Dr. McCausland. His comprehensive and evenhanded briefing analyzes the situation on the ground and the possible consequences of sending more troops.
Hunting the Hare | 10/26/09 "He that hunts two hares will catch neither," runs an old proverb. In the current unruly security environment, with challenges aplenty for the Obama administration, the hare to be pursued remains the reduction of the global nuclear threat, says David Speedie.
Prospects for U.S.-Russia Relations | 08/26/09 Russian Ambassador H.E. Mr. Kislyak's comprehensive talk includes his thoughts on U.S.-Russia relations, nuclear proliferation, and Russia today. He also gives us the Russian perspective on the conflict with Georgia.
Afghanistan, Central Asia, and U.S./NATO and Russia: Four New Carnegie Council Papers | 08/17/09 On the eve of the Afghan elections, the Carnegie Council's U.S. Global Engagement Program presents a set of four papers--two by Americans, two by Russians--covering U.S./NATO-Russia cooperation on Afghanistan and Central Asia.
U.S./NATO-Russia Cooperation on Afghanistan and Central Asia | 08/17/09 This set of four papers focuses on U.S./NATO-Russia cooperation on Afghanistan in its regional context, looking at common interests in Afghanistan's stability, the changing terms of the U.S. war, and the future of NATO.
Obama's War | 08/17/09 As President Obama and his administration lead the nation and their coalition partners in a renewed effort in the war in Afghanistan, what can be learned from the past and what are the challenges that must be overcome if his new strategy and team are to be successful?
State of Denial? NATO at 60 and the War in Afghanistan | 08/17/09 In Afghanistan, NATO is proving itself the wrong alliance, fighting an enemy that defies precise definition in a war for which it is ill suited and for which support is rapidly eroding. How will NATO adapt to guarantee that its storied past can endure an uncertain future?
Prospects for U.S.-Russia Cooperation in Central Asia | 08/17/09 Yuri Morozov proposes several ways that the United States and Russia can expand their cooperation in Central Asia, particularly in Afghanistan, in order to neutralize security challenges in the region.
Pakistani, Afghan, and Iranian Factors of Influence on the Central Asian Region | 08/17/09 This article is an attempt to define the possibilities for changing the disconnect between the U.S. and Russia which limits the potential for cooperation between the two nations on Afghan, Pakistani and Iranian issues.
A Conversation with David Hamburg: The Commitment to Prevention | 08/12/09 David Speedie interviews David Hamburg on the prevention agenda of the Carnegie Corporation of New York and its legacy of preventing interstate conflict, genocide, and threats to global health.
Resetting the Reset | 08/05/09 The "reset button" has become the metaphor for restoring U.S.-Russia relations. But is it working? Despite the progress made, a number of critical arms control issues have simply not been addressed, plus there has been a series of missteps.
U.S.-Russian Arms Control Priorities | 07/21/09 This set of four papers focuses on arms control in the context of the critical and evolving U.S.-Russia relationship.
Missile Defense: A Sphere of Competition or an Instrument for Jointly Combating the Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction | 07/21/09 Pavel S. Zolotarev argues that despite the good intentions of the newly-elected American and Russian presidents and the leadership of the two nations, it is essential to recognize the effect of objective factors left over from Cold War times, in particular the continuing state of mutual nuclear deterrence between Russia and the United States.
Possible Attributes of a New Russian-American Treaty on Strategic Offensive Weapons: The View from Russia | 07/21/09 Should the START Treaty expire in December without a new treaty (or accord) that has counting rules and verification procedures spelled out, it will be impossible to ensure that Russia and the U.S. fulfill their obligations to reduce the number of nuclear warheads on deployed strategic delivery vehicles, says Viktor Esin.
Bargaining Chip or Gas Mask? Prospects for Missile Defense | 07/21/09 John Isaacs and Travis Sharp review the history of missile defense since World War II in search of insights that can be applied to the current situation. They argue that Obama retains two viable options for missile defense in Europe: "The Bargaining Chip" or "The Gas Mask".
A Guide to the Challenges Facing President Obama's Nuclear Abolition Agenda | 07/21/09 Burgess Laird argues that the case for nuclear weapons abolition recently advanced by President Obama is built not on the familiar refrain of disarmament advocates that nuclear weapons are inherently morally unjustifiable and destabilizing, but on pragmatic grounds.
After President Obama's Visit to Europe: U.S. Relations with the EU, NATO, and Russia | 05/11/09 Distinguished German statesman Karsten Voigt discusses the German political mindset, which grew out of its situation after World War II; Obama's popularity in Germany; and U.S.-German relations in the context of the EU, NATO, and Russia.
Iran and the United States: David Speedie Interviews Gary Sick | 04/22/09 The Bush administration has been toying with the idea of talking to Iran for the last two years. With the arrival of Obama, now the question is not "should we," but how do we go about doing it?
Reset Button Plus | 03/13/09 David C. Speedie argues that the Obama mantra for U.S.-Russia relations is "hit the 'reset button,'" yet the Clinton years (1992-2000) were a mixed bag. We should aim for a "reset button plus," one that engages Russia on a host of issues that would directly serve America's self interest.
A Conversation on NATO | 12/22/08 The post-Cold War NATO has expanded, both in mission and membership. In each instance, problems have arisen with Russia. What are the lessons to be learned from these stresses, and what are NATO's prospects?
David Speedie Interviews Ted Sorensen | 11/14/08 "A president who doesn't go to war may show more courage than one who does," said JFK. In a wide-ranging conversation, Sorensen discusses JFK, Cuba, and Vietnam; the 2008 Russia/Georgia conflict; McCain's idea of a League of Nations; and the promise of Obama.
Russia and Georgia: How Did We Get There and What's Next? David Speedie Interviews Oksana Antonenko | 10/29/08 This conflict started from the ethnic conflict between the Georgians and South Ossetians, which has a long history, and it also started with Georgian aggression.
Russia and Georgia: How Did We Get There and What's Next? | 10/24/08 Georgia and Russia expert Oksana Antonenko discusses the history behind the headlines, and what the future may bring to this troubled region.
Russia and Georgia: How Did We Get There and What's Next? David Speedie Interviews Oksana Antonenko | 10/14/08 Russia and Georgia expert Oksana Antonenko discusses the August 2008 conflict in Georgia, the history of the region, and what the future may bring.
David Speedie Interviews Jack Matlock on Russia | 08/12/08 Senior Fellow David Speedie interviews former U.S. ambassador Jack Matlock on U.S. relations with Russia: how they evolved, current policy problems, and what is needed to get back on the right track.
David Speedie Interviews Susan Eisenhower | 08/06/08 Senior Fellow David Speedie interviews Susan Eisenhower, granddaughter of President Eisenhower and USSR and Russian specialist, about Russia's current place in the world and its relations with other countries.
David Speedie Interviews Jack Matlock | 05/14/08 Senior Fellow David Speedie interviews former U.S. ambassador Jack Matlock on U.S. relations with Russia: how they evolved, current policy problems, and what is needed to get back on the right track.