U.S. Global Engagement

Iran Nuclear Threat: Fact or Fiction? | 07/21/14 Gareth Porter, David C. Speedie Senior Fellow David Speedie interviews Dr. Gareth Porter, scholar, journalist, and skeptic concerning U.S. claims of an Iranian nuclear weapons program.

The European Parliament Elections and Rise of the Far Right: Three Reasons for Reassurance, Three for Concern | 06/06/14 David C. Speedie The European Parliament election results are in, and the ominous has become the grim reality. Fueled by high unemployment across the continent and anti-immigrant anger, Far-Right (and in some isolated cases Far-Left) parties achieved momentous gains. What does this mean for the future and why does it matter to the United States?

Ukraine Update: The Presidential Elections and Beyond | 05/30/14 Nicolai N. Petro, Richard Sakwa, David C. Speedie David Speedie discusses the election of new Ukrainian president Petro Poroshenko with University of Rhode Island's Nicolai Petro and University of Kent's Richard Sakwa, both speaking from Odessa in southern Ukraine.

The Rise of the New Far Right in Europe and Implications for European Parliament Elections | 05/13/14 David Art, Virág Molnár, Cas Mudde This panel gives an excellent overview of the complexities of the rise of right-wing populism across Europe, focusing in particular on France, the UK, and Hungary. The discussion illuminates the differences and similarities between the movements and shows how in many countries the themes of the radical left have been hijacked by the radical right.

Ukraine Update: Report from Odessa | 05/09/14 Nicolai N. Petro, David C. Speedie With the deadly conflict in Ukraine spreading to this hitherto calm southern city, David Speedie speaks again with Dr. Nicolai Petro, professor of international relations at the University of Rhode Island, who is currently a Fulbright Fellow in Odessa.

Ukraine and U.S.-Russian Relations | 04/24/14 Thomas E. Graham, David C. Speedie With balance and objectivity, seasoned Russian policy expert Tom Graham tackles the thorny question of Ukraine and the wider scope of U.S.-Russia relations across the board.

Report from Ukraine: The Crisis Moves East | 04/23/14 Nicolai N. Petro, David C. Speedie David Speedie discusses with Dr. Nicolai Petro, currently a Fulbright Fellow in Odessa, the recent outbreaks of violence in pro-Russia majority regions of Eastern Ukraine, the prospects for scheduled May elections, and the impact of the continuing crisis on U.S.-Russian relations.

Iran and Nuclear Proliferation: Update with Joseph Cirincione | 04/16/14 Joseph Cirincione, David C. Speedie Joseph Cirincione, president of the Ploughshares Fund, discusses the status and prospects for the ongoing P5+1 talks in Vienna on Iran's nuclear program, and the importance of successful negotiations for the global nuclear nonproliferation agenda.

An Update from Ukraine | 04/11/14 Nicolai N. Petro, David C. Speedie From Odessa, political scientist Dr. Nicolai Petro discusses the unrest in the eastern Donbas region and possibilities for a diplomatic resolution of the Ukraine crisis.

Iran's Nuclear Program: Status and Prospects for the P5+1 Negotiations | 04/04/14 William O. Beeman, David C. Speedie Discussions among the Iran and the P5 countries and Germany on the Iranian nuclear energy program are ongoing in Vienna. William O. Beeman, professor and chair of the Department of Anthropology at the University of Minnesota, who has written extensively on these issues, discusses the current state of affairs and possible outcomes.

Crisis in Ukraine: Ukraine and Russia Beyond Crimean Secession | 03/24/14 Nicolai N. Petro, David C. Speedie Professor Nicolai Petro, currently in Odessa, Ukraine, discusses recent developments, including the secessionist vote in the Crimean peninsula and the subsequent annexation by Russia, outcomes for the rest of Ukraine, and two major speeches by President Putin on the situation and the impact on relations between Russia and the West.

Rein in Ukraine's Neo-Fascists | 03/06/14 David C. Speedie For a new government to succeed in Ukraine, it's important that the nation's neo-fascist, anti-Semitic, and anti-Russian parties are marginalized, writes David Speedie.

Crisis in Ukraine: Crimean Stand-Off | 03/05/14 Nicolai N. Petro, David C. Speedie In the latest Security Bulletin, Russia expert Professor Nicolai Petro speaks from Odessa in southern Ukraine on the ongoing crisis, with a particular focus on the strategically vital Crimean Peninsula, home to Russia's Black Sea Fleet and to a substantial ethnic Russian population.

The Future of American Warfighting: Lessons of the Contemporary Battlefield | 02/27/14 Noah Shachtman, Patrick J. Mahaney, Jr., Ben FitzGerald What are the ethical and legal questions raised by unmanned aerial vehicles, drones, and surveillance? How do they affect combatants, decision-makers, and civilians? An expert panel explores these crucial issues.

New Interview Series, "Ethics in Security Bulletin," with an Initial Focus on Ukraine | 02/25/14 David C. Speedie This podcast interview series explores the ethical dimensions of issues around the world, from Eastern Europe to the Middle East, and discusses the role played by U.S. foreign policy and the West.

Crisis in Ukraine: The View from Beyond Kiev | 02/24/14 Nicolai N. Petro, David C. Speedie This is the third in a series of Security Bulletins on the crisis in Ukraine, and here Dr. Nicolai N. Petro gives us a view from beyond Kiev, from Odessa in the country's South. He explains the various political factions and warns about the danger of right-wing nationalism--not overnight, perhaps, but over the long term.

Differing Perspectives on Iran and the Middle East Peace Process: Is there a Crisis in U.S.-Israel Relations? | 02/13/14 Dov Waxman, David C. Speedie Do the public disagreements between the Obama administration and the Netanyahu government over Iran's nuclear program and the current peace talks with the Palestinians signal a growing rift between the United States and Israel? How strong is the alliance between the countries? What does the future hold for Israel?

Rules of Engagement: The Legal, Ethical and Moral Challenges of the Long War | 02/13/14 Kenneth Anderson, Charles A. Blanchard, Robert Grenier Can the drone campaign be legally and morally justified? What are the limits to the president's authority when it comes to targeted killing? Don't miss this discussion with Robert Grenier, former CIA counterterrorism director; Charles Blanchard, former general counsel of the U.S. Air Force; and Kenneth Anderson, professor of law at American University.

Crisis in Ukraine: The Role and Responsibility of the West | 02/12/14 Anton Shekhovtsov, David C. Speedie This is the second in a series of Carnegie Council Security Bulletins on the crisis in Ukraine, in conversation with Dr. Anton Shekhovtsov, a Ukrainian-born expert on his nation and on European and Eurasian nationalism, who is now based at University College London.

Crisis in Ukraine: A Voice from Kiev, January 31, 2014 | 02/03/14 Andreas Umland, David C. Speedie What is the likely outcome of the violent clashes in Ukraine? Does the U.S. and the West have a moral imperative to intervene and, if so, how? Speaking from Kiev, Dr. Andreas Umland assesses the situation.

The Rise of Extremism in a Disunited Europe | 01/17/14 David C. Speedie, Jennifer Otterson Mollick A sinister scenario is playing out in Europe: the rise of right-wing populism, and in some cases, extreme far-right forces. Throughout 2013, Carnegie Council's U.S. Global Engagement program tracked these developments and it will be publishing its findings in 2014. This article analyzes the current situation.

Important Choices: Foreign Policy and Defense Spending | 10/07/13 Lawrence Korb, David C. Speedie How much does the U.S. actually spend on defense and where does that money go? Lawrence Korb, an expert on the federal budget, the military, and national security, discusses the tough choices the U.S. needs to make on defense spending; relations with Iran; Syria; NATO; and nuclear weapons.

U.S. Policy on Iran and the Middle East: Where Do We Go From Here? | 09/27/13 Gary Sick, David C. Speedie Are we on the brink of a new era in Iran-U.S. relations? Maybe. Iran expert Gary Sick discusses President Rouhani's UN speech, which took place just before this event, plus previous missed opportunities and the current possibilities of rapprochement. While condemning the regime, he sees an opening for constructive negotiations.

Russia Has Strong Grounds for Sense of Grievance | 09/20/13 "When shall we move on from the tired shibboleths about Russia's "petulant obstructiveness" in international affairs?," asks senior fellow and program director David Speedie in this "Financial Times" letter to the editor. "Russia's sense of grievance, even as we have entered the post-post-cold war era, is hardly groundless."

A Lifeline for Peace in Syria--and for Obama | 09/16/13 David C. Speedie Why are we so reluctant to say the following? The overriding priority is to end the killing; defanging the Syrian chemical weapons complex will be difficult and long-term, although the U.S.-Russia agreement offers a bold, if challenging, timetable; and Russia has come up with a better idea than we could, and we are prepared to follow and support its lead.

Arise TV: Review, September 08 | 09/08/13 Senior fellow David Speedie appeared on "Arise Review" to discuss the developing crisis in Syria, as well as efforts to garner support for a limited strike against Bashar al-Assad. "Lobbing a few hundred Tomahawk missiles in a very restricted military exercise," he argues "will potentially ... aggravate the situation rather than resolve everything."

Seven Reasons U.S. Intervention in Syria is a Bad Idea | 08/30/13 In this opinion piece adapted for "The Christian Science Monitor," senior fellow and program director David Speedie argues that the view that the U.S. is morally obligated to get involved in Syria, while understandable, "is wrong for seven key reasons, both moral and pragmatic."

The World Through Arab Eyes: Arab Public Opinion and the Reshaping of the Middle East | 06/10/13 Shibley Telhami While domestic injustices and the information revolution were key factors, Dr. Telhami argues it's impossible to understand the Arab uprisings without also referring to foreign policy. "The dignity that they sought to restore in these uprisings was not only about their relationship with the rulers, but was about their relationship with the rest of the world."

The Takeaway with John Hockenberry: European Union Ends Arms Embargo on Syrian Rebels | 05/28/13 Program Director David Speedie appeared on WNYC's "The Takeaway With John Hockenberry," commenting on developments in the EU's Syria policies

After Boston: An Intelligence Blame Game with no Winner | 05/08/13 David C. Speedie Immediately after the Boston Marathon bombings there was a sadly predictable flurry of mutual recriminations between the intelligence services of the U.S. and Russia. It's time to put suspicions aside and work together against terrorism directed at both countries.

"'Can' Is Not the Same as 'Should'" | 05/01/13 Regarding U.S. intervention in Syria: just because the U.S. 'can' doesn't mean it 'should,' writes program director and senior fellow David Speedie in a letter to the "Financial Times."

Investing in an Independent Scotland | 04/10/13 Alex Salmond In an eloquent speech, First Minister Salmond, leader of the government in Scotland, makes the case for an independent Scotland. In addition to compelling economic reasons, he argues that clearly, "the best people to take decisions about Scotland are the people who choose to live and work in Scotland."

Salmond speaks to Carnegie Council as part of Scotland Week | 04/08/13 "The Edinburgh Reporter" reported on First Minister of Scotland Alex Salmond's speech at Carnegie Council.

Empathy needed now more than ever | 04/06/13 In a talk at Princeton, First Minister of Scotland Alex Salmond cited his previous speech at Carnegie Council.

Report from the Middle East | 02/14/13 Charles D. Freilich Chuck Freilich's knowledgeable talk gives us an overview of the primary forces at work today in the Middle East--and some potential outcomes. He also provides an insider's analysis of Israel's politics and prospects.

Going to Tehran: Prospects for U.S.-Iranian Engagement | 01/30/13 Flynt Leverett, Hillary Mann Leverett Americans' view of Iran as an illegitimate system in imminent danger of overthrow is wrongheaded, wishful thinking, say the Leveretts. The U.S. needs to come to terms with the Islamic Republic of Iran, not as a favor to Iran, but to save its own position in the Middle East and avert another war. Nixon went to China. Obama needs to go to Iran.

Prospects for U.S.-Iran Relations | 01/03/13 Seyed Hossein Mousavian, David C. Speedie Iran and the U.S. have a long list of common interests, including Afghanistan, stability in Iraq, and fighting drug trafficking. A good way to start creating trust between the two nations would be to cooperate on these issues, instead of always focusing on divisive ones like nuclear capability.

Senator Richard Lugar on Nuclear Weapons Reduction | 10/12/12 Richard Lugar, David C. Speedie Senator Lugar tells the dramatic story of his bipartisan work on the Cooperative Threat Reduction Program (also known as Nunn–Lugar), which provides funding and expertise for states in the former USSR nations to reduce nuclear weapons.

Frank Vogl on Corruption | 10/10/12 Frank Vogl, David C. Speedie Corruption is not a victimless crime, as many believe. Transparency International's Frank Vogl discusses the global, grass-roots fight against this age-old problem.

PepsiCo's Donald M. Kendall on Russia | 08/07/12 Donald M. Kendall, David C. Speedie Kendall recalls how he opened up the former Soviet Union for PepsiCo, bringing in other U.S. companies as well. He goes on to discuss his warm relationship with Putin, his admiration for the Russian people, and his hopes for better U.S.-Russia relations.

U.S.-Iran Relations: Exiting the Cul de Sac? | 07/19/12 David C. Speedie Leading a coalition in a relentless campaign of sanctions against Iran, the U.S. has the upper hand. Therefore it should make the first move to break through the current impasse, says David Speedie. As first steps towards normal relations, he suggests some things that the U.S. ought NOT to do.

Farewell Dick Lugar: A Gentleman Departs | 05/14/12 David C. Speedie Despite certain Republicans' claims to the contrary, Dick Lugar was a genuine conservative, albeit a responsible one who saw the advantage of engaging the other side, whether that be Democrats in Congress or Russians on arms control.

One-Minute Preview of TV Special "Playing for Power" | 04/25/12 David C. Speedie Bringing together little-known archival footage and brand-new interviews, "Playing for Power" sheds light on the prominent and backroom players who brought Boris Yeltsin to power in 1991, but lost momentum during the implementation of democracy in Russia.

Iran: A Diplomatic Solution | 03/19/12 Thomas R. Pickering In this knowledgeable and detailed talk, Ambassador Pickering cuts through the current hysteria about Iran, stressing that we still have time for diplomacy. In fact it may finally be the right moment for both sides to engage in constructive talks.

Russia Bulletin, Issue 1 | 01/19/12 David C. Speedie In this inaugural issue of the Russia Bulletin, David Speedie considers U.S.-Russia relations, missile defense, and the parliamentary elections and ensuing Moscow demonstrations.

Anatol Lieven on Pakistan | 12/06/11 Anatol Lieven, David C. Speedie Pakistan expert Anatol Lieven unravels Pakistan's troubled and complex relationships with the U.S., Afghanistan, the Taliban, and its own army--and adds this special note on what bin Laden's death means for U.S.-Pakistan relations.

Report from Iran | 11/30/11 Mohammad Javad Ardashir Larijani Dr. Larijani, Iran's secretary general of the High Council for Human Rights, describes Iran's system as a "democratic structure based on Islamic rationality," and engages in a sometimes heated discussion with the audience on nuclear weapons and human rights in Iran.

Towards a More Robust Public Policy Environment in the Middle East | 11/28/11 Jon B. Alterman, David C. Speedie Dr. Alterman describes the principal challenges for the Arab Middle East states as "developing human capital and strengthening public policy environments." In aspiring to these, he calls for patience and long-haul commitment, even restraint, from Western donor sources.

Illusions of Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism | 11/22/11 Louise Richardson, David C. Speedie "It's time that we got ourselves out of this false sense of insecurity and realize that terrorism is here to stay, it will never pose an existential threat to this country, and the biggest threat it poses to us is that we will work ourselves into overreacting to the threat that it poses us."

Putin and his Russia Don't Deserve the Bad Rap | 11/16/11 David C. Speedie Let's look at some of the most serious accusations leveled at Putin and his Russia. In the right light, we see Russia and Putin have taken some undue heat.

Carnegie Council's Program on U.S. Global Engagement: a Two-Year Retrospective | 09/30/11 These materials from a June 2011 international conference examine U.S.-Russian relations; nuclear arms control and nonproliferation; European and NATO security challenges for the future, including Afghanistan; and competition and cooperation in the Arctic region.

Jackson-Vanik: Time for Reconsideration? | 09/27/11 Randi Levinas, Jack F. Matlock, Stephen Sestanovich, David C. Speedie The Jackson-Vanik amendment has been imposed on Russia for 37 years. Is it time for repeal?

European Security and Arms Control | 09/23/11 Sergey Rogov Although Russia and the West are confronting each other on a number of issues, it is premature to write off their strategic partnership. The New START Treaty establishes stability of the nuclear balance for the next decade. This will help them eventually move to mutual assured security.

The Precarious State of Flux of the Conventional Armed Forces in Europe Treaty (CFE) | 09/23/11 Paul Schulte This paper's main predictive theoretical proposition is that, in fact, progress on conventional arms control in Europe will continue to move at a pace dictated by nuclear atmospherics.

Jackson-Vanik: Time for Reconsideration? | 09/21/11 Randi Levinas, Jack F. Matlock, Stephen Sestanovich, David C. Speedie The Jackson-Vanik amendment has been imposed on Russia for 37 years. Is it time for repeal? This event is in cooperation with EastWest Institute.

What Should be the Next Phase in U.S.-Russia Relations? | 09/09/11 Thomas E. Graham, Nikolas K. Gvosdev Reflecting on U.S.-Russia relations, Thomas Graham and Nikolas Gvosdev agree that there is an urgent need to find a common strategic purpose that suits the interests of both the U.S. and Russia.

The Future of U.S.-Russian Relations | 09/06/11 Thomas E. Graham Can the United States and Russia finally put their zero-sum competition in Eurasia behind them so that they can concentrate on the common strategic challenges before them, such as how to deal with China and with the former Soviet space?

Russia's High Ambitions and Ambivalent Activities in the Arctic | 09/02/11 Pavel K. Baev The Arctic is often seen as a no-mans-land where natural resources are up for grabs. In reality, international cooperation is working well and the regions's wealth has been overestimated. Nonetheless, Russia's  ambitions are bound up with the Arctic, and this can lead to tensions.      

Cooling Things Down: The Legalization of Arctic Security | 09/01/11 Michael Byers Many are concerned about possible struggles over Arctic territory and resources. Yet this paper argues that most Arctic sovereignty disputes have either been resolved or are actively being negotiated. Thus there is no competition for territory or resources, and no prospect of conflict.

The Ethics of the Nuclear Security Summit Process | 08/31/11 Alexandra I. Toma This paper examines the ethical questions around two intertwined 21st century issues: nuclear terrorism and the Nuclear Security Summit (NSS) process. Does the process take into account the principles of pluralism, fairness, and rights and responsibilities?

The Soviet and U.S. Experiences in Military Intervention in Afghanistan and Current U.S.-Russian Cooperation | 08/29/11 Andrew Kuchins This paper examines the similarities and differences in the 1980s Soviet experience in Afghanistan and the current U.S.-led coalition effort, and the mutual interests for Washington and Moscow to avoid the kind of end-game of 1992, when the Najibullah regime fell.

European/Eurasian Security and the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe (CFE) | 08/29/11 Jeffrey D. McCausland What is the role of the CFE Treaty as part of contemporary European security architecture? How has it performed since its signing and what is its current status? What steps must be taken to ensure that this agreement remains relevant and continues its "cornerstone" role?

The Current Status and Prospects for the U.S.-Russia Relationship | 08/24/11 Angela Stent The U.S.-Russia relationship is never linear and never always smooth sailing, says Stent. What are the achievements of the reset policy and what remains to be achieved? How can we maintain the momentum that we have now in this relationship and not let it slip again?

The Collapse of the Soviet Union: Thoughts on the 20th Anniversary | 08/24/11 Jack F. Matlock U.S. Ambassador to the USSR Jack Matlock explodes some myths that are current in the United States, in Russia, and in Europe about just how and when the Cold War ended and how and when the Soviet Union collapsed.

Arms Control and Proliferation Challenges to the Reset Policy | 08/24/11 Stephen J. Blank The United States, Russia, and outside observers all agree on one thing: the fragility of the reset policy. This paper clarifies the reasons for this fragility and the consequences for arms control and future cooperation on nonproliferation issues.

Education for Employment Foundation: New Opportunities for Middle East Youth | 08/10/11 Ronald Bruder, David C. Speedie Carnegie Council's David Speedie and Ronald Bruder, founder of the Education for Employment Foundation, discuss the Foundation's work in providing job training for at-risk youth in Arab Muslim countries, and also the impact of the Arab Spring.

Rise of the Rest IV: Critical Regions in Crisis | 05/31/11 Nikolas K. Gvosdev, Devin T. Stewart, Dov Waxman Optimistic and bleak by turns, a panel of experts analyzes the dilemmas facing the rising and existing powers--from protests across the Middle East, to the earthquake and nuclear disaster in Japan, to rising food and oil prices across the world.

A New Afghanistan in a New International Construct | 04/20/11 Giandomenico Picco Picco argues that, first, we may have to set aside the notion that Afghanistan must remain a unified, centrally governed state; and second, that a pan-regional dialogue among critical countries--including Pakistan, India, Iran, and Saudi Arabia--is essential for a favorable outcome.

Can Obama Please Both Arabs and Israelis? What the Polls and History Tell Us | 03/16/11 Shibley Telhami Despite Obama's rhetoric, most Arabs still see America through the prism of pain of the Arab-Israeli conflict, says Telhami, and a majority of Arabs and Israelis no longer believe peace is possible. Both the Arabs and the Israelis need to put public opinion aside and build an agreement.

Media in Contemporary Russia | 03/16/11 Nargiz Asadova, Pavel Nikolaevich Gusev, Mikhail Gusman, Mikhail Kotov, Azer Mursaliev, Mikhail Ponomarev, David C. Speedie What is the current situation of journalism in Russia today, where 70 percent of media is owned by the state? The Council welcomes a delegation of Russia's media leaders for a frank discussion.

Reflections from Moscow | 03/10/11 David C. Speedie After a recent visit to Moscow, David Speedie casts a sympathetic eye on Russia's contradictions and societal stresses--with particular focus on its heroin and HIV/AIDS crisis. Russia now has the third-highest heroin abuse rate per capita in the world, behind only Afghanistan and Iran.

Putting Middle East Youth to Work: Partnering with Business to Turn a Youth Tsunami into an Asset | 02/02/11 Ronald Bruder, Jasmine Nahhas di Florio Founder and CEO Ron Bruder and VP Jasmine Nahhas di Florio introduce Education for Employment Foundation, an NGO that creates employment opportunities for youth in the Middle East and North Africa. Five programs are underway: Egypt, Jordan, West Bank/Gaza, Morocco, and Yemen.

Putting Middle East Youth to Work: Partnering with Business to Turn a Youth Tsunami into an Asset | 01/03/11 Ronald Bruder, Jasmine Nahhas di Florio Founder and CEO Ron Bruder and VP Jasmine Nahhas di Florio introduce Education for Employment Foundation, an NGO that creates employment opportunities for youth in the Middle East and North Africa. Five programs are underway: Egypt, Jordan, West Bank/Gaza, Morocco, and Yemen.

The Frugal Superpower: America's Global Leadership in a Cash-Strapped Era | 10/20/10 Michael Mandelbaum Michael Mandelbaum says that in this age of soaring deficits, the era marked by an expansive U.S. foreign policy is coming to an end. He recommends a new policy, centered on a reduction in the nation's dependence on foreign oil.

Pakistan, the United States, and the West: David Speedie Interviews Anatol Lieven | 10/05/10 Anatol Lieven, David C. Speedie Anatol Lieven discusses Pakistan's surprising degree of stability; the role of the army and ISI; the drug trade; and Pakistan's relationship with the U.S., Afghanistan, and other countries, including India, China, and Russia.

NWFZs: Pursuing a World Free of Nuclear Weapons | 09/07/10 Caitlin Tierney Today there are five Nuclear Weapon Free Zone (NWFZ) treaties, yet only one has been fully ratified. Sadly, the reservations of the nuclear weapon states, specifically those of the United States, hinder the success and complete denuclearization of these designated zones.

Beyond the NPT | 07/21/10 Roald Sagdeev, Frank von Hippel Doctors Roald Sagdeev and Frank von Hippel have collaborated for decades on nuclear arms control and nonproliferation between the U.S. and the USSR. They discuss their work and their insights for the future arms control agenda.

For Obama, Short-term Tactics, or Long-term Strategy on Iran? | 07/20/10 David C. Speedie By insisting on votes on sanctions against Iran, Obama may have sacrificed his strategic objective--to prevent the development of the Iranian bomb--for an ephemeral victory in the UN Security Council.

The Bloom is off the Rose--and the Orange, and the Tulip | 07/01/10 David C. Speedie What went wrong with the "Color Revolutions" in Ukraine, Georgia, and Kyrgyzstan? It was a combination of excessive expectations of the new leaders, and some policy missteps, primarily at the hands of the U.S. and the West.

Foundations Are Free to Innovate | 06/02/10 David C. Speedie Charitable and philanthropic foundations hold a uniquely privileged position in society. With the right mix of daring and rigor they can spark real creativity among their grantees.

After START--What Next? David Speedie Interviews Jayantha Dhanapala | 06/02/10 Jayantha Dhanapala, David C. Speedie Jayantha Dhanapala, former Under-Secretary-General for Disarmament Affairs at the UN, gives his views on "getting to zero" on nuclear weapons.

Dealing with Iran: "Missed Opportunities" and "Holding Contradictory Ideas at the Same Time" | 05/27/10 David C. Speedie, Gary Sick How, ask David Speedie and Gary Sick, can we move the U.S.-Iran dialogue beyond the current mutually recriminatory stalemate?

Sebastian Junger and David Speedie on Afghanistan (NEWSWEEK On Air Interview) | 05/07/10 Sebastian Junger, David C. Speedie Sebastian Junger recounts some of his experiences while embedded with U.S. troops in Afghanistan. Referring to a recent Carnegie Council panel, David Speedie discusses the ethics of withdrawal, given that the U.S. has set a timetable for leaving and is in negotiations with the Taliban.

Rise of the Rest | 04/30/10 David C. Speedie The Council's "Rise of the Rest" project focuses not on decline of existing powers but on the emergence of others. The U.S. should accept these developments for what they are, recognize the interests of others, and see opportunity for burden sharing rather than threat to primacy.

The Georgia-Russia War in South Ossetia: The Russian View | 04/09/10 Veronika Krasheninnikova Published by the Moscow-based Center of Analysis of Strategies and Technologies, "The Tanks of August" is a must read, as it offers both factual and analytical perspectives which most Western readers rarely encounter. 

Jackson-Vanik: a Bridge to the 20th Century | 03/30/10 David C. Speedie U.S. and Russian leaders and Jewish organizations all agree: the U.S. should "graduate" Russia from the JV amendment, which ties freedom of trade benefits to freedom of emigration. JV doesn't help Soviet Jews and it harms Russia's WTO prospects and U.S.-Russia business dealings.

Recent Advances in the Prevention of Mass Violence | 03/29/10 David A. Hamburg, David C. Speedie How can we prevent mass violence? Drawing on insights from leaders in the field, David Hamburg identifies the clear warnings that always appear long before genocide erupts and the critical points of entry for early help to countries with troubled intergroup relations.

Future Challenges: The UN and the UNA. David Speedie Interviews Ambassador Thomas Miller | 03/29/10 Thomas J. Miller, David C. Speedie President and CEO of the UN Association of the USA, Ambassador Miller discusses the U.S. role in the world and the power of grass roots commitment. Citizens can change policy by reminding leaders of their obligations on issues such as climate change.

Rise of the Rest III: Climate Change, Energy, and Global Governance after the Financial Crisis | 03/17/10 Craig Charney, Nikolas K. Gvosdev, Parag Khanna, Stephen B. Young, David C. Speedie, Devin T. Stewart This panel focuses on global governance since the financial crisis, in particular on climate change, energy security, and issues of consensus, common ethics, and trust. 

Good Neighbors? The Shanghai Cooperation Organization | 02/18/10 David C. Speedie The West has largely dismissed the Shanghai Cooperation Organization as some kind of empty anti-U.S., anti-NATO rhetorical flourish, writes David Speedie. Yet in fact its expanded role and reach are demonstrable, impressive, and likely to continue.

David Speedie Interviews Baroness Shirley Williams: A View from the United Kingdom on Transatlantic Relations | 02/17/10 Shirley Williams, David C. Speedie In a wide-ranging conversation, Baroness Williams discusses the Obama administration's foreign policy; the situation in Afghanistan and in Iran; U.S. and British politics, including voter representation and corruption; and her work on nuclear disarmament.

Carnegie Council Posts Two Papers on U.S.-Russia Relations and the Arctic | 12/18/09 This set of two papers, one by a Canadian and one by a Russian, focuses on U.S.-Russian competition and cooperation in the Arctic region, looking particularly at security, commercial, and environmental issues of shared concern.

Russia and U.S.-Russia Relations: David Speedie Interviews Ambassador Thomas Pickering | 12/16/09 Thomas R. Pickering Ambassador Thomas Pickering discusses Russia's role in the unfolding events in Iran and other potential areas of cooperation between Russia and the United States, including missile defense and NATO enlargement.

U.S-Russia Relations and the Arctic | 12/16/09 David C. Speedie This set of two papers, one by a Canadian and one by a Russian, focuses on U.S.-Russian competition and cooperation in the Arctic region, looking particularly at security, commercial, and environmental issues of shared concern.

The Arctic: The Next "Hot Spot" of International Relations or a Region of Cooperation? | 12/16/09 Yuri Morozov Dr. Morozov identifies several key points regarding both the existing problems and challenges of the Arctic region, as well as possible ways to overcome them through joint efforts by the actors operating in the region.

Cold Peace: International Cooperation Takes Hold in the Arctic | 12/16/09 Michael Byers Thanks to international law, there is no race for Arctic resources, nor any appetite for military confrontation. The Arctic has become a zone of quiet cooperation, as countries work together to map the seabed, protect the environment, and guard against new, non-state security threats.

Prospects for Arms Control in the Obama Administration: An Interview with John Isaacs | 12/11/09 John Isaacs, David C. Speedie John Isaacs, Executive Director of the Council for a Livable World, discusses nuclear weapons treaties and their relevance for U.S. foreign policy, domestic politics, and the global arms control agenda.

Prospects for Arms Control in the Obama Administration | 12/10/09 John Isaacs John Isaacs discusses nuclear weapons treaties and their relevance for U.S. foreign policy, domestic politics, and the global arms control agenda.

Afghanistan Briefing | 11/11/09 Jeffrey D. McCausland, David C. Speedie "Afghanistan makes Iraq look easy," says U.S. Army Colonel (Ret.) Dr. McCausland. His comprehensive and evenhanded briefing analyzes the situation on the ground and the possible consequences of sending more troops.

Hunting the Hare | 10/26/09 David C. Speedie "He that hunts two hares will catch neither," runs an old proverb. In the current unruly security environment, with challenges aplenty for the Obama administration, the hare to be pursued remains the reduction of the global nuclear threat, says David Speedie.

Prospects for U.S.-Russia Relations | 08/26/09 H.E. Mr. Sergey Kislyak Russian Ambassador H.E. Mr. Kislyak's comprehensive talk includes his thoughts on U.S.-Russia relations, nuclear proliferation, and Russia today. He also gives us the Russian perspective on the conflict with Georgia.

Afghanistan, Central Asia, and U.S./NATO and Russia: Four New Carnegie Council Papers | 08/17/09 On the eve of the Afghan elections, the Carnegie Council's U.S. Global Engagement Program presents a set of four papers--two by Americans, two by Russians--covering U.S./NATO-Russia cooperation on Afghanistan and Central Asia.

U.S./NATO-Russia Cooperation on Afghanistan and Central Asia | 08/17/09 David C. Speedie This set of four papers focuses on U.S./NATO-Russia cooperation on Afghanistan in its regional context, looking at common interests in Afghanistan's stability, the changing terms of the U.S. war, and the future of NATO.

Obama's War | 08/17/09 Jeffrey D. McCausland, David C. Speedie As President Obama and his administration lead the nation and their coalition partners in a renewed effort in the war in Afghanistan, what can be learned from the past and what are the challenges that must be overcome if his new strategy and team are to be successful?

State of Denial? NATO at 60 and the War in Afghanistan | 08/17/09 Eric T. Olson In Afghanistan, NATO is proving itself the wrong alliance, fighting an enemy that defies precise definition in a war for which it is ill suited and for which support is rapidly eroding. How will NATO adapt to guarantee that its storied past can endure an uncertain future?

Prospects for U.S.-Russia Cooperation in Central Asia | 08/17/09 Yuri Morozov Yuri Morozov proposes several ways that the United States and Russia can expand their cooperation in Central Asia, particularly in Afghanistan, in order to neutralize security challenges in the region.

Pakistani, Afghan, and Iranian Factors of Influence on the Central Asian Region | 08/17/09 Sergey Luzianin This article is an attempt to define the possibilities for changing the disconnect between the U.S. and Russia which limits the potential for cooperation between the two nations on Afghan, Pakistani and Iranian issues.

A Conversation with David Hamburg: The Commitment to Prevention | 08/12/09 David A. Hamburg, David C. Speedie David Speedie interviews David Hamburg on the prevention agenda of the Carnegie Corporation of New York and its legacy of preventing interstate conflict, genocide, and threats to global health.

Resetting the Reset | 08/05/09 David C. Speedie The "reset button" has become the metaphor for restoring U.S.-Russia relations. But is it working? Despite the progress made, a number of critical arms control issues have simply not been addressed, plus there has been a series of missteps.

U.S.-Russian Arms Control Priorities | 07/21/09 David C. Speedie This set of four papers focuses on arms control in the context of the critical and evolving U.S.-Russia relationship.

Missile Defense: A Sphere of Competition or an Instrument for Jointly Combating the Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction | 07/21/09 Pavel S. Zolotarev Pavel S. Zolotarev argues that despite the good intentions of the newly-elected American and Russian presidents and the leadership of the two nations, it is essential to recognize the effect of objective factors left over from Cold War times, in particular the continuing state of mutual nuclear deterrence between Russia and the United States.

Possible Attributes of a New Russian-American Treaty on Strategic Offensive Weapons: The View from Russia | 07/21/09 Viktor Esin Should the START Treaty expire in December without a new treaty (or accord) that has counting rules and verification procedures spelled out, it will be impossible to ensure that Russia and the U.S. fulfill their obligations to reduce the number of nuclear warheads on deployed strategic delivery vehicles, says Viktor Esin.

Bargaining Chip or Gas Mask? Prospects for Missile Defense | 07/21/09 John Isaacs, Travis Sharp John Isaacs and Travis Sharp review the history of missile defense since World War II in search of insights that can be applied to the current situation. They argue that Obama retains two viable options for missile defense in Europe: "The Bargaining Chip" or "The Gas Mask".

A Guide to the Challenges Facing President Obama's Nuclear Abolition Agenda | 07/21/09 Burgess Laird Burgess Laird argues that the case for nuclear weapons abolition recently advanced by President Obama is built not on the familiar refrain of disarmament advocates that nuclear weapons are inherently morally unjustifiable and destabilizing, but on pragmatic grounds.

After President Obama's Visit to Europe: U.S. Relations with the EU, NATO, and Russia | 05/11/09 Karsten Voigt, David C. Speedie Distinguished German statesman Karsten Voigt discusses the German political mindset, which grew out of its situation after World War II; Obama's popularity in Germany; and U.S.-German relations in the context of the EU, NATO, and Russia.

Iran and the United States: David Speedie Interviews Gary Sick | 04/22/09 Gary Sick, David C. Speedie The Bush administration has been toying with the idea of talking to Iran for the last two years. With the arrival of Obama, now the question is not "should we," but how do we go about doing it?

Reset Button Plus | 03/13/09 David C. Speedie David C. Speedie argues that the Obama mantra for U.S.-Russia relations is "hit the 'reset button,'" yet the Clinton years (1992-2000) were a mixed bag. We should aim for a "reset button plus," one that engages Russia on a host of issues that would directly serve America's self interest. 

A Conversation on NATO | 12/22/08 Robert Hunter, David C. Speedie The post-Cold War NATO has expanded, both in mission and membership. In each instance, problems have arisen with Russia. What are the lessons to be learned from these stresses, and what are NATO's prospects?

David Speedie Interviews Ted Sorensen | 11/14/08 Ted Sorensen, David C. Speedie "A president who doesn't go to war may show more courage than one who does," said JFK. In a wide-ranging conversation, Sorensen discusses JFK, Cuba, and Vietnam; the 2008 Russia/Georgia conflict; McCain's idea of a League of Nations; and the promise of Obama.

Russia and Georgia: How Did We Get There and What's Next? David Speedie Interviews Oksana Antonenko | 10/29/08 Oksana Antonenko, David C. Speedie This conflict started from the ethnic conflict between the Georgians and South Ossetians, which has a long history, and it also started with Georgian aggression.

Russia and Georgia: How Did We Get There and What's Next? | 10/24/08 Oksana Antonenko, David C. Speedie Georgia and Russia expert Oksana Antonenko discusses the history behind the headlines, and what the future may bring to this troubled region.

Russia and Georgia: How Did We Get There and What's Next? David Speedie Interviews Oksana Antonenko | 10/14/08 Oksana Antonenko, David C. Speedie Russia and Georgia expert Oksana Antonenko discusses the August 2008 conflict in Georgia, the history of the region, and what the future may bring.

David Speedie Interviews Jack Matlock on Russia | 08/12/08 Jack F. Matlock, David C. Speedie Senior Fellow David Speedie interviews former U.S. ambassador Jack Matlock on U.S. relations with Russia: how they evolved, current policy problems, and what is needed to get back on the right track.

David Speedie Interviews Susan Eisenhower | 08/06/08 Susan Eisenhower, David C. Speedie Senior Fellow David Speedie interviews Susan Eisenhower, granddaughter of President Eisenhower and USSR and Russian specialist, about Russia's current place in the world and its relations with other countries.

David Speedie Interviews Jack Matlock | 05/14/08 Jack F. Matlock, David C. Speedie Senior Fellow David Speedie interviews former U.S. ambassador Jack Matlock on U.S. relations with Russia: how they evolved, current policy problems, and what is needed to get back on the right track.

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