In the 1960s, 23 states had nuclear weapons and research programs; today, only nine states have weapons. More countries have abandoned nuclear weapon programs than have developed them, and global arsenals are just one-quarter of what they were during the Cold War. Yet that still leaves 17,000 nuclear weapons that someone could use, by accident or by design, triggering a nuclear catastrophe.
Will the trend toward disarmament continue, or are we on the brink of a new arms race—or worse, nuclear war?
Joseph Cirincione is president of Ploughshares Fund. He has also served as senior vice president for national security and international policy at the Center for American Progress and director for nonproliferation at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
To watch this and other Carnegie Council videos AFTER the event, go to our UStream Page.